Fundamental Principles of Statistical and Quantum Physics
This chapter is aimed for the first-principle approach to statistical physics and quantum physics, in the spirit of the guiding principles of physics: Principles 1.1.1 and 1.1.2. First, we introduce a new principle, the potential-descending principle (PDP), and show that statistical physics is built upon PDP and the principle of equal probability (PEP). Second, we develop a statistical theory of heat, including in particular the photon number formula of entropy, and the energy level formula of temperature. Also, we demonstrate that the physical carrier of heat is the photons. Third, we introduce a new field theoretical interpretation of quantum wave functions.
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