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Anatomy of the Ankle Joint and Hindfoot

  • Miki Dalmau-PastorEmail author
  • Matteo Guelfi
  • Francesc Malagelada
  • Rosa M. Mirapeix
  • Jordi Vega
Chapter
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

The ankle is a highly congruent synovial, hinge-type joint, in which the talus fits perfectly into the mortise formed by the tibial plateau, and the tibial and fibular malleoli. This anatomical conformation allows movement through only one axis, the bimalleolar axis, through which dorsiflexion and plantarflexion movements are produced. Normal values of the range of motion are 13–33° for dorsiflexion and 23–56° for plantarflexion [1].

Keywords

Ankle anatomy Anatomy Ankle Ankle arthroscopy Arthroscopic ankle anatomy Ankle ligaments Ankle joint Hindfoot anatomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miki Dalmau-Pastor
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Matteo Guelfi
    • 3
    • 4
  • Francesc Malagelada
    • 5
  • Rosa M. Mirapeix
    • 4
  • Jordi Vega
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Laboratory of Arthroscopic and Surgical Anatomy, Department of Pathology and Experimental Therapeutics (Human Anatomy Unit)University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.GRECMIP–MIFAS (Groupe de Recherche et d’Etude en Chirurgie Mini-Invasive du Pied–Minimally Invasive Foot and Ankle Society)MerignacFrance
  3. 3.Foot and Ankle Unit, Clinica MontallegroGenoaItaly
  4. 4.Human Anatomy and Embryology Unit, Department of Morphological SciencesUniversitad Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Royal London HospitalBarts Health NHS TrustLondonUK
  6. 6.Foot and Ankle Unit, iMove Tres TorresBarcelonaSpain

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