Zhu Xi and the Debate between Virtue Ethicists and Situationists: Virtue Cultivation as a Possible, Practical, and Necessary Enterprise

  • Yat-hung LeungEmail author
Part of the Dao Companions to Chinese Philosophy book series (DCCP, volume 13)


Despite revival, virtue ethics is subject to criticisms, most notably from situationism. Based on empirical findings, the situationists argue that only very few people possess virtues. Hence, virtue ethics that tells us to cultivate virtues is impractical. By referring to Zhu Xi, this chapter argues that although only few of us have robust virtues at the moment, virtue cultivation is still possible, practical, and necessary as we have a good human nature and numerous ways for cultivation.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and HumanitiesUniversity of MacauMacauPeople’s Republic of China

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