Zhu Xi and Later Neo-Confucians

  • Zemian ZhengEmail author
Part of the Dao Companions to Chinese Philosophy book series (DCCP, volume 13)


This chapter surveys Zhu Xi’s influence in the Chinese intellectual histories of the Song, Ming and Qing dynasties, and offers an introduction to the major criticisms of Zhu Xi provided by the most representative later Confucians in three stages: (1) Ming Confucians’ criticisms of his way of selfcultivation and moral psychology (represented by Wang Yangming), (2) Ming–Qing Confucians’ criticisms of his “dualistic” metaphysics of li–qi (represented by Wang Fuzhi), and (3) Dai Zhen and Qing Confucians’ criticisms of Zhu Xi’s ethics and of ideological misuses of Song–Ming Neo-Confucianism.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongPeople’s Republic of China

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