The Subfamily Mactrinae (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Part 2

  • Javier H. Signorelli


In this chapter the species included in the genera Simomactra, Spisula, Standella, Trinitasia and Tumbeziconcha are redescribed. The genus Simomactra Dall, 1894d includes three Pacific species: S. dolabriformis (Conrad, 1867), S. falcata (Gould, 1850) and S. planulata (Conrad, 1837). Spisula is another genus with several living species mainly distributed in temperate to cold waters in the north and south regions of the continent. This genus groups the species S. fuegiensis (E. A. Smith, 1905), S. guidoi (Signorelli and Scarabino, 2010), S. isabelleana (d’Orbigny, 1841), S. marplatensis (Doello Jurado in Carcelles, 1949), S. petitii (d’Orbigny, 1841), S. williamsi (Berry, 1960), S. (Hemimactra) solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817) and S. (Hemimactra) raveneli (Conrad, 1832). The genus Standella Gray, 1853 with eight species is another group well represented in American marine waters. It includes the species S. (Standella) fragilis (Gmelin, 1791), S. (Standella) nasuta (Gould, 1851), S. (Micromactra) angusta (Reeve, 1854a), S. (Micromactra) californica (Conrad, 1837), S. (Micromactra) janeiroensis (E. A. Smith, 1915), S. (Micromactra) surinamensis (Altena, 1968), S. (Mactroderma) isthmica (Pilsbry and Lowe, 1932) and S. (Mactroderma) velata (Philippi, 1849). The genus Trinitasia Maury, 1928 with T. iheringi (Dall, 1897) and the genus Tumbeziconcha Pilsbry and Olsson, 1935 with T. goniocyma (Pilsbry and Lowe, 1932) and T. thracioides (Adams and Reeve, 1850) complete the chapter.


Simomactra Spisula Standella Trinitasia Tumbeziconcha 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Biología de Organismos MarinosIBIOMAR, CCT CONICET-CENPATPuerto MadrynArgentina

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