The Subfamily Mactrinae (Mollusca: Bivalvia), Part 1

  • Javier H. Signorelli


Mactrinae is the largest subfamily of this group of bivalves. In the American continent 43 species grouped into ten genera are recognized. In this chapter, the species included in the genera Harvella, Mactrellona, Mactromeris, Mulinia and Rangia are redescribed. The genus Harvella includes the only one living species H. elegans (G.B. Sowerby I, 1825). The genus Mactrellona Marks, 1951 groups four species M. alata (Spengler, 1802), M. clisia (Dall, 1915), M. exoleta (Gray, 1837) and M. subalata (Mörch, 1861). The genus Mactromeris Conrad, 1868 includes the Pacific species M. catilliformis (Conrad, 1867), M. hemphillii (Dall, 1894a) and M. polynyma (Stimpson, 1860). The genus Mulinia is one of the most represented ones with nine living species in the American continent. They are M. bicolor Gray, 1837, M. byronensis Gray, 1837, M. cleryana (d’Orbigny, 1846), M. edulis (King, 1832), M. exalbida Gray, 1837, M. lateralis (Say, 1822), M. levicardo (E. A. Smith, 1881), M. modesta (Carpenter, 1864) and M. pallida (Broderip and G.B. Sowerby I, 1829). The genus Rangia Des Moulins, 1832 with four living species is the last group revised in this chapter. Rangia (Rangia) cuneata (Sowerby I, 1832, in 1821−1834), Rangia (Rangianella) flexuosa (Conrad, 1840), Rangia (Rangianella) mendica (Gould, 1851) and Rangia (Rangianella) pontchartrainensis (Morrison, 1965) (new combination) belong to this genus.


Harvella Mactrellona Mactromeris Mulinia Rangia 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Biología de Organismos MarinosIBIOMAR, CCT CONICET-CENPATPuerto MadrynArgentina

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