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Conversion of Glycerol to Valuable Products

  • S. ChozhavendhanEmail author
  • G. Karthiga Devi
  • J. Jayamuthunagai
  • B. Bharathiraja
  • R. Praveen kumar
  • Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman
Chapter

Abstract

Crude glycerol generated as by-product in transesterification and saponification process in biodiesel and soap industries. The wide application of crude glycerol was restricted by the presence of a copious amount of impurities such as water, methanol, soap, fatty acid, and ash. A simple way of utilizing the surplus amount of glycerol generated in biodiesel industries is to convert them in the valuable product either by fermentation, esterification, hydrogenolysis, dehydration, oxidation, and liquefaction. Utilizing crude glycerol as feedstock for the production of valuable products through biological conversion is more reliable and safer when compared to other methods. Apart from the conventional products like ethanol, citric acid, 1, 3, propanediol, crude glycerol can also use for the production of biosurfactants, pigments, mannitol, biohydrogen.

Keywords

Crude glycerol Biodiesel industry Biosurfactants Biohydrogen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Chozhavendhan
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Karthiga Devi
    • 2
  • J. Jayamuthunagai
    • 3
  • B. Bharathiraja
    • 4
  • R. Praveen kumar
    • 5
  • Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman
    • 6
  1. 1.Vivekanandha College of Engineering for WomenTiruchengode, ChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Saveetha School of EngineeringThandalam, ChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Biotechnology, Anna University ChennaiChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Vel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  5. 5.Arunai Engineering CollegeTiruvannamalaiIndia
  6. 6.Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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