Advertisement

Human Cercarial Dermatitis (HCD) or Swimmer’s Itch Along Rivers and Lakes

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Parasitology Research Monographs book series (Parasitology Res. Monogr., volume 12)

Abstract

This chapter describes the often unexplained occurrence of skin itching of persons that have taken a bath in a river or lake or have worked with related water.

Keywords

Swimmer’s itch Cercarial dermatitis Flukes Schistosomes 

References

  1. Aldhoun JA, Podhorský M, Holická M, Horák P (2012) Bird schistosomes in planorbid snails in the Czech Republic. Parasitol Int 61:250–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ebbs ET, Loker ES, Davis NE, Flores V, Veleizan A, Brant SV (2016) Schistosomes with wings: how host phylogeny and ecology shape the global distribution of Trichobilharzia querquedulae (Schistosomatidae). Int J Parasitol 46:669–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hörweg C, Saltmann H, Auer H (2006) Cercarial dermatitis in Austria: questionnaires as useful tools to estimate risk factors. Wiener Klin Wschr (Central Eur J Med) 118:77–80Google Scholar
  4. Jouet D, Ferté H, Hologne C, Kaltenbach ML, Depaquit J (2009) Avian schistosomes in French aquatic birds: a molecular approach. J Helminthol 83:181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jouet D, Kolářová L, Patrelle C, Ferté H, Skírnisson K (2015) Trichobilharzia anseri n. sp. (Schistosomatidae: Digenea), a new visceral species of avian schistosomes isolated from greylag goose (Anser anser L.) in Iceland and France. Infect Genet Evol 34:298–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kolářová L, Skírnisson K, Ferté H, Jouet D (2013) Trichobilharzia mergi sp. nov. (Trematoda: Digenea: Schistosomatidae), a visceral schistosome of Mergus serrator (L.) (Aves: Anatidae). Parasitol Int 62:300–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lawton SP, Lim RM, Dukes JP, Cook RT, Walker AJ, Kirk RS (2014) Identification of a major causative agent of human cercarial dermatitis, Trichobilharzia franki (Müller and Kimmig 1994), in southern England and its evolutionary relationships with other European populations. Parasit Vectors 7:277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Loker ES, Brant SV (2006) Diversification, dioecy and dimorphism in schistosomes. Trends Parasitol 22:521–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mahdavi S, Farahnak A, Mobedi I, Rad MM, Azadeh H (2013) Survey of migratory birds (Anatidae: Anas platyrhynchos) for schistosome parasites from Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran. Iran J Parasitol 8:333–336PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Mehlhorn H (ed) (2016) Encyclopedia of parasitology, 3 vols, 4th ed. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Pinto HA, Pulido-Murillo EA, de Melo AL, Brant SV (2017) Putative new genera and species of avian schistosomes potentially involved in human cercarial dermatitis in the Americas, Europe and Africa. Acta Trop 176:415–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Prüter H, Sitko J, Krone O (2017) Having bird schistosomes in mind-the first detection of Bilharziella polonica (Kowalewski 1895) in the bird neural system. Parasitol Res 116:865–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rząd I, Sitko J, Kavetska K, Kalisińska E, Panicz R (2013) Digenean communities in the tufted duck [Aythya fuligula (L., 1758)] and greater scaup [A. marila (L., 1761)] wintering in the north-west of Poland. J Helminthol 87:230–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Santoro M, Mattiucci S, Kinsella JM, Aznar FJ, Giordano D, Castagna F, Pellegrino F, Nascetti G (2011) Helminth community structure of the Mediterranean gull (Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) in Southern Italy. J Parasitol 97:364–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Yakhchali M, Mirrajei SY, Malekzadeh-Viayeh R (2013) Detection of infection with larval stages of Ornithobilharzia turkestanicum using PCR in field-collected snails of Lymnaea gedrosiana from Northwestern Iran. Iran J Parasitol 8:627–633PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Heinrich Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany

Personalised recommendations