Challenges of Certification and Training: Looking into the Future

  • Jorge MineiroEmail author


Globalization has produced several standards in Orthopaedics and Traumatology that stand as guidelines for good practice, both in sports medicine and in many other fields. Certification of medical professionals has resulted in a guarantee of quality for the general public, which would otherwise have been difficult to obtain. Each country has developed its own standards, but these are all quite different, at least in Europe, and quite varied. When we examine these standards in detail, they are very closely related to the health care systems around the world, as in each European country.

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© ISAKOS 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Hospital Dª EstefaniaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Hospital CUF DescobertasLisbonPortugal

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