Performance Evaluation of Source Routing Minimum Cost Forwarding Protocol Over 6TiSCH Applied to the OpenMote-B Platform

  • Anderson Rocha RamosEmail author
  • Fernando J. Velez
  • Gordana Gardašević
Conference paper
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


The aim of this work is the development of Source Routing Minimum Cost Forwarding (SRMCF) protocol over IPv6 over the TSCH mode of IEEE 802.15.4e (6TiSCH), evaluating the performance of these protocols for the Internet of Things (IoT), and different healthcare, medical monitoring, and urban mobility applications. To perform this evaluation, this work is making use of the OpenWSN project platform, which implements IEEE 802.15.4e in an open-source environment. The evaluation process is also being done in the most recent version of the OpenMote-B platform. Another goal of this research is to give contribution to the investigation of the applicability of quality of service (QoS) applied to the IEEE 802.15.4e standard. In the present stage of development, the efforts are concentrated on the programming of the required code and the adaptation of the OpenWSN stack. Experimental results have shown that the proposed protocol is capable of reducing Packet Loss Ratio (PLR) and energy consumption in comparison to the Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL). In the next steps the team will also investigate the possibilities to explore long-range routing techniques using the OpenMote platforms, together with xBee, LoraWAN, Raspberry PI, and Arduino platforms.


IEEE 802.15.4e Minimum cost forwarding Sensor network 6TiSCH 


  1. 1.
    Velez, F.J., Derogarian, F.: Wearable Technologies and Wireless Body Sensor Networks for Healthcare. The Institution of Engineering and Technology, London (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Akkaya, K., Younis, M.: A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. Ad Hoc Netw. 3(3), 325–349 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ye, F., Chen, A., Lu, S., Zhang, L.: A scalable solution to minimum cost forwarding in large sensor networks. In: Proceedings of Tenth International Conference on Computer. Communications and Networks (ICCCN), Scottsdale, Arizona, USA, pp. 304–309 (2001)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chang, T., Tuset-Peiro, P., Vilajosana, X., Watteyne, T.: OpenWSN & OpenMote: Demo’ing a complete ecosystem for the industrial internet of things. In: Proceedings of 2016 13th Annual IEEE International Conference on Sensing, Communication, and Networking, (SECON), London, UK (1999)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vasiljević, D., Gardašević, G.: Performance evaluation of OpenWSN operating system on open mote platform for industrial IoT applications. In: Proceedings of 2016 International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (INDEL), Banja Luka, Bosnia Herzegovina, pp. 1–6 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Patra, C., Botezatu, N.: Effect of gossiping on some basic wireless sensor network protocols. In: Proceedings of 21st International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing (ICSTCC), Sinaia, Romania (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ahmad, S., Awan, I., Waqqas, A., Ahmad, B.: Performance analysis of DSR & extended DSR protocols. In: Proceedings of 2nd Asia International Conference on Modelling and Simulation (AMS), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 191–196 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Derogarian, F.: Design of a body sensor network embedded in textiles for biomedical applications. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal (2015)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Derogarian, F., Ferreira, J.C., Tavares, V.M.G.: Analysis and evaluation of an energy-efficient routing protocol for WSNs combining source routing and minimum cost forwarding. J. Mob. Mult. 14(4), 469–504 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.: Carrier-sense multiple access with collision avoidance and detection. In: Proceedings of 20th ACM International Conference on Modelling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems, Miami, Florida, USA, pp. 53–61 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Watteyne, T., et al.: OpenWSN: a standards-based low-power wireless development environment. Eur. Trans. Telecommun. 23(5), 480–493 (2012)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Melorose, J., Perroy, R., Careas, S.: Compression format for IPv6 datagrams in low power and lossy networks. Statew. Agric. Land Use Baseline. 1, 1–25 (2015)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Winter, T., et al.: RPL: IPv6 routing protocol for low power and lossy networks (work progress)., pp. 1–164 (2011)
  14. 14.
    Airehrour, D., Gutierrez, J.A., Ray, S.K.: A Trust-Aware RPL routing protocol to detect blackhole and selective forwarding attacks. Aust. J. Telecommun. Digit. Econ. 5(1), 50 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, D., Tao, Z., Zhang, J., Abouzeid, A.A.: RPL based routing for advanced metering infrastructure in smart grid. In: Proceedings of 2010 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops, Capetown, South Africa (2010)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shelby, Z., Hartke, K., Bormann, C., Frank, B.: “Constrained application protocol (CoAP)”, draft-ietf-core-coap-18 (work in progress) (online). (2013)
  17. 17.
    Köpke, A., et al.: Simulating wireless and mobile networks in OMNeT++ the MiXiM vision. In: Proceedings of First International ICST Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques for Communications Networks and Systems, Marseille, France, pp. 71–78 (2008)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Velez, F.J., et al.: Wireless sensor and networking technologies for swarms of aquatic surface drones. In: Proceedings of IEEE 82nd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2015-Fall), Boston, MA, USA (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anderson Rocha Ramos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernando J. Velez
    • 1
  • Gordana Gardašević
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto das Telecomunicações and Universidade da Beira Interior, DEM, Faculdade de EngenhariaCovilhãPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Banja LukaBanja LukaBosnia and Herzegovina

Personalised recommendations