Supranational Diplomats

  • Stephanie C. HofmannEmail author
  • Olivier Schmitt
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)


This chapter presents major works dealing with supranational political diplomatic actors and action. Regional, international, and global organizations have established their position as major vehicles for producing and implementing public and club goods beyond the state. The proliferation of international organizations (IOs) as well as their increased scope expansion has gone hand in hand with the continued emergence of diplomatic actors located outside national governments and operating within supranational and international structures. They have developed expertise and preferences that can be complementary or not with member states. All in all, IO bureaucrats conduct diplomacy next to states and do not necessarily see eye-to-eye with them. In order to get a better grasp of the different ways of understanding supranational diplomacy, we focus on four approaches in international relations: neo-functionalism, principal-agent approaches, diplomatic practices, and international authority.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of International and Development StudiesGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark

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