Advertisement

Introduction: History and Theories of Diplomacy

  • Thierry BalzacqEmail author
  • Frédéric Charillon
  • Frédéric Ramel
Chapter
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)

Abstract

This chapter aims to achieve three things. First, it explores the evolution of diplomacy across history. It argues that the study of diplomacy has till recently tended to treat modern diplomacy as the beginning of all we know about the phenomenon. By doing so, however, it has blurred the distinct origins of large currents of diplomatic practices, institutions, and symbols. Drawing on new research in the field of history, the chapter shows that modern diplomacy owes important features to both the ancient Middle East, on the one hand, and classical periods of Ancient Greece and Roman Republic as well as the Roman Empire, on the other hand. Second, the chapter discusses the concept of diplomacy, asking whether diplomacy has an “essence.” It amends definitions of diplomacy that employs one trait—e.g., representation, communication, or negotiation—to mark out diplomacy from other activities. Third, the chapter presents the rationale and contents of the book, insisting on challenges that lie ahead.

References

  1. Balzacq, Thierry, Ramel, Frédéric (eds.), Traité de relations internationales, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2013.Google Scholar
  2. Barber, Brian, What Diplomats Do: The Life and Work of Diplomats, Lanham (MD), Rowman & Littlefield, 2016.Google Scholar
  3. Berridge, Geoffrey R., Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, New York (NY), Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Campbell, Brian, “Diplomacy in the Roman World (c. 400 BC–AD 235),” Diplomacy and Statecraft, 12 (1), 2001: 1–22.Google Scholar
  5. Cheyre, Juan Emilio, “Defence Diplomacy,” in Andrew F. Cooper, Jorge Heine, Ramesh Thakur (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, Raymond, “The Great Tradition: The Spread of Diplomacy in the Ancien World,” Diplomacy and Statecraft, 1 (1), 2001: 23–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ———, “Diplomacy Through the Ages,” in Pauline Kerr, Geoffrey Wiseman (eds.), Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices, New York (NY), Oxford University Press, 2017, pp. 21–36.Google Scholar
  8. Constantinou, Costas M., On the Way to Diplomacy, Minneapolis (MN), University of Minnesota Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. Der Derian, James, “Mediating Estrangement: A Theory of Diplomacy,” Review of International Studies, 13 (2), 1987: 91–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eilers, Claude, Diplomats and Diplomacy in the Roman World, Leiden and Boston, Brill, 2009.Google Scholar
  11. Fletcher, Catherine, Diplomacy in Renaissance Rome: The Rise of the Resident Ambassador, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  12. Gerolymatos, Andre, Espionage and Treason: A Study of the Proxeny in Political and Military Intelligence Gathering in Classical Greece, Amsterdam, Brill, 1986.Google Scholar
  13. Grandpierre, Véronique, Histoire de la Mésopotamie, Paris, Gallimard, 2010.Google Scholar
  14. Hocking, Brian, Foreign Ministries: Change and Adaptation, New York (NY), Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.Google Scholar
  15. Kerr, Pauline, Wiseman, Geoffrey, “Introduction,” in Pauline Kerr, Geoffrey Wiseman (eds.), Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices, New York (NY), Oxford University Press, 2017, pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
  16. Langhorne, Richard, “The Regulation of Diplomatic Practice: The Beginnings to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Practice (1961),” in Christer Jönsson, Richard Langhorne (eds.), Diplomacy, vol. II, History of Diplomacy, London, Sage, 2004, pp. 315–333.Google Scholar
  17. Lee, Donna, Hudson, David, “The Old and New Significance of Political Economy in Diplomacy,” Review of International Studies, 30 (3), 2004: 343–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leira, Halvard, “A Conceptual History of Diplomacy,” in Costas M. Constantinou, Pauline Kerr, Paul Sharp (eds.), The Sage Handbook of Diplomacy, London, Sage, 2016, pp. 28–38.Google Scholar
  19. Lequesne, Christian, Ethnographie du Quai d’Orsay. Les pratiques des diplomates français, Paris, CNRS Éditions, 2017.Google Scholar
  20. Loriol, Françoise, Piotet, Marc, Delfolie, David, Splendeurs et misères du travail des diplomates, Paris, Hermann, 2013.Google Scholar
  21. Maulde la Clavière, M., La Diplomatie au temps de Machiavel, 3 vols., Paris, Ernest Leroux, 1892–1893.Google Scholar
  22. Neumann, Iver B., At Home with the Diplomats: Inside a European Foreign Ministry, Ithaca (NY), Cornell University Press, 2012.Google Scholar
  23. Nicolson, Harold, Diplomacy, London, Thornton Butterworth, 1950.Google Scholar
  24. Petiteville, Franck, Placidi-Frot, Delphine (eds.), Négociations internationales, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2013.Google Scholar
  25. Pouliot, Vincent, Cornut, Jérémie, “Practice Theory and the Study of Diplomacy: A Research Agenda,” Cooperation and Conflict, 50 (3), 2015: 297–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Queller, Donald E., Dictionary of the Middle Ages, New York (NY), Scribner, 1984.Google Scholar
  27. Rosoux, Valérie, “Négociation internationale,” in Thierry Balzacq, Frédéric Ramel (eds.), Traité de relations internationales, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2013, pp. 795–821.Google Scholar
  28. Roux, Georges, La Mésopotamie, Paris, Seuil, 1995.Google Scholar
  29. Saulnier, Christine, “Le rôle des prêtres fétiaux et l’application du ius fetiale à Rome,” Revue historique du droit français et étranger, 58 (2), 1980: 171–199.Google Scholar
  30. Schelling, Thomas C., Arms and Influence, New Haven (CT), Yale University Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  31. Satow, Ernest M., A Guide to Diplomatic Practice, London, Longmans, Green & Co, 1922.Google Scholar
  32. Sharlach, T. M., “Diplomacy and the Rituals of Politics at the Ur III Court,” Journal of Cuneiform Politics, 57, 2005: 17–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharp, Paul, Diplomatic Theory of International Relations, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  34. Veyne, Paul, L’Empire gréco-romain, Paris, Seuil, 2005.Google Scholar
  35. Weinfeld, Moshe, “Covenant Making in Anatolia and Mesopotamia,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society of Columbia University, 22, 1993, pp. 135–139.Google Scholar
  36. Wiseman, Geoffrey, “Diplomatic Practices at the United Nations,” Cooperation and Conflict, 50 (3), 2015: 316–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zartman, William I., Negotiation and Conflict Management: Essays in Theory and Practice, London, Routledge, 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Balzacq
    • 1
    Email author
  • Frédéric Charillon
    • 2
  • Frédéric Ramel
    • 1
  1. 1.Sciences PoParisFrance
  2. 2.University of Clermont AuvergneClermont-FerrandFrance

Personalised recommendations