Introduction: Exploring Disability Hate Crime
This chapter introduces the monograph. In doing this, it outlines the author’s recent research into disability hate crime and the motivation behind it. Whilst the particular focus of the author’s work was to understand the hostility enacted against disabled people through a focus on UK public transport, the chapter also explains how hate crime is defined in the UK. The nuances of disability hate crime are presented along with the two most recognised models of disability used. An overview of crime on public transport in general terms is given before the structure of the monograph is presented. The chapter is about breaking new ground. Research of this nature has mainly been avoided to date as has the routine inclusion of disabled people in research. It was the personal and academic aspirations of the author which drove this project as well as the unearthing of the plight of some disabled passengers.
KeywordsDisability Hate crime Research Academia
- Barnes, C., & Mercer, G. (2010). Exploring Disability (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
- BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation). (1963). Train Drives Itself, BBC on this day 21/3/1963. London: BBC Online. Online at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/21/newsid_2546000/2546071.stm. Accessed 1 Mar 2018.
- Bowling, B. (1999). Violent Racism: Victimisation, Policing and Social Context. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Chakraborti, N. (2015). A Conversation Between the Author and Professor Neil Chakraborti 30/10/15. Leicester: Department of Criminology, University of Leicester.Google Scholar
- Chakraborti, N., Garland, J., & Hardy, S.-J. (2014). The Leicester Hate Crime Project: Findings and Conclusions. Leicester: University of Leicester.Google Scholar
- Clarke, R., & Smith, M. (2000). Crime and Public Transport. Crime and Justice, 27(2000), 169–233.Google Scholar
- College of Policing (CoP). (2014). Hate Crime Operational Guidance. Coventry: College of Policing.Google Scholar
- Crime Concern. (2004). People Perceptions of Personal Security and Their Concerns About Crime on Public Transport: Research Findings. London: Department for Transport.Google Scholar
- Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). (2011). Hidden in Plain Sight: Inquiry into Disability-Related Harassment. Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission.Google Scholar
- Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC). (2018). How Is the UK Performing on Disability Rights? The UNs Recommendations for the UK. Manchester: Equality and Human Rights Commission.Google Scholar
- European Parliament. (2015). Social Inclusion in EU Public Transport. Brussels: The European Parliament.Google Scholar
- Felson, M. (2002). Crime and Everyday Life (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hall, N. (2010). Law Enforcement and Hate Crime: Theoretical Perspectives on the Complexities of Policing Hatred. In N. Chakraborti (Ed.), Hate Crime: Concepts, Policy, Future Directions (pp. 149–168). Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
- Her Majesties Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services (HMICFRS). (2018). Understanding the Difference: The Initial Police Response to Hate Crime. London: Her Majesties Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services.Google Scholar
- Home Office. (2016). Action Against Hate: The UK Government’s Plan for Tackling Hate Crime. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Iganski, P., & Lagou, S. (2015). The Personal Injuries of ‘Hate Crime’. In N. Hall, A. Corb, & P. Giannasi (Eds.), Routledge International Handbooks: Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime (pp. 34–46). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) (Renamed Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) 08/01/2018). (2011). IPCC Report into the Contact Between Fiona Pilkington and Leicestershire Constabulary 2004–2007. London: IPCC. Online at: https://www.ipcc.gov.uk/sites/default/files/Documents/investigation_commissioner_reports/pilkington_report_2_040511.pdf. Accessed 27 Oct 2018.
- Mind. (2007). Another Assault: Mind’s Campaign for Equal Access to Justice for People with Mental Health Problems. London: Mind.Google Scholar
- Newton, A., & Ceccato, V. (2015). Theoretical Perspectives of Security and Safety in Transit Environments. In V. Ceccato & A. Newton (Eds.), Safety and Security in Transit Environments. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Papworth Trust. (2016). Disability in the UK: Facts and Figures 2016. Cambridge: The Papworth Trust.Google Scholar
- Rail Technology Magazine. (2017, March 7). Driver-only Trains and Safety: What’s the Big Issue? London: Rail Technology Magazine. Online at: https://www.railway-technology.com/features/featuredriver-only-trains-and-safety-whats-the-big-issue-5769231/. Accessed 1 Feb 2018.
- Sin, C. H. (2015). Hate Crime Against People with Disabilities. In N. Hall, A. Corb, & P. Giannasi (Eds.), Routledge International Handbooks: Routledge International Handbook on Hate Crime (pp. 193–206). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Transport for London (TfL). (2017, August 14). Interview Between the TfL Operational Standards Team Representative and the Author.Google Scholar