• Leslie Pendrill
Part of the Springer Series in Measurement Science and Technology book series (SSMST)


Implementation of a measurement method or measurement system can be regarded as being situated—at the point of ‘measurement’—about halfway round the quality loop shown in Fig.  2.1.

It is recommended to perform calibration and metrological confirmation prior to embarking on more extensive series of measurements in ‘production’. The confirmation process will be described in Sect. 4.2.

The evaluation of measurement uncertainty is a key step, both in the metrological confirmation process and in subsequent measurements and decision-making, and will be reviewed in Sects. 4.2.2 and 4.2.3 for physical and social measurements, respectively.

How the concepts of calibration and traceability (introduced in Chap.  3) are regarded when performing measurement in the different disciplines, such as physics, engineering, chemistry and the social sciences, will be reviewed in Sects. 4.3. Section 4.4 will look in depth at metrological concepts in the social sciences.

Examples of the results of actually performing measurement spanning the physical and social sciences will round off this chapter (Sect. 4.5) to illustrate treatment of the results of implementing a measurement method or system, including a continuation of the example of pre-packaged goods chosen in this book. As before, templates are provided for the reader to complete the corresponding sections of the measurement task for their chosen case.


Measurement Calibration Metrological confirmation Uncertainty evaluation Multi-disciplinary traceability Case studies 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie Pendrill
    • 1
  1. 1.PartilleSweden

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