BCG and Elderly Patients

  • Sanchia S. GoonewardeneEmail author
  • Raj Persad
  • Hanif Motiwala
  • David Albala


Although Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the recommended treatment in high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), its efficacy in older patients is controversial (Oddens et al. in Eur Urol 66(4):694–701, 2014). Oddens et al. determined the effect of age on prognosis and treatment outcome in patients with stage Ta T1 NMIBC treated with maintenance BCG. This chapter relates to BCG and elderly patients.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanchia S. Goonewardene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raj Persad
    • 2
  • Hanif Motiwala
    • 3
  • David Albala
    • 4
  1. 1.East of England DeaneryNorfolk and Norwich University HospitalNorwichUK
  2. 2.North Bristol NHS TrustBristolUK
  3. 3.Southend University HospitalWestcliff-on-SeaUK
  4. 4.Boston UniversityBostonUSA

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