NMIBC—BCG Strain and Outcomes

  • Sanchia S. GoonewardeneEmail author
  • Raj Persad
  • Hanif Motiwala
  • David Albala


BCG is an immunotherapy. There are at least 4 different strains, Connaught, Pasteur, Tice, RIVM Whether the commonly used Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) strains Connaught and Tice confer different outcomes is questionable. This chapter covers BCG strains and outcomes.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanchia S. Goonewardene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raj Persad
    • 2
  • Hanif Motiwala
    • 3
  • David Albala
    • 4
  1. 1.East of England DeaneryNorfolk and Norwich University HospitalNorwichUK
  2. 2.North Bristol NHS TrustBristolUK
  3. 3.Southend University HospitalWestcliff-on-SeaUK
  4. 4.Boston UniversityBostonUSA

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