Histological Variants in Bladder Cancer—Sqaumous Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Differentiation
Bladder squamous cell carcinoma, squamous metaplasia, and transitional cell carcinoma with squamous differentiation are rare findings (Rausch et al. in Urol Oncol. 32(1):32.e11–6, 2014). A common risk factor is chronic bladder irritation and inflammation (Rausch et al. in Urol Oncol. 32(1):32.e11–6, 2014). This chapter covers diagnosis and management.
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