Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Formaldehyde

  • Trinh Duy Nguyen
  • Thuan Van Tran
  • Sharanjit Singh
  • Pham T. T. Phuong
  • Long Giang Bach
  • Sonil Nanda
  • Dai-Viet N. VoEmail author
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 41)


As carbon dioxide (CO2) is an undesirable greenhouse gas inducing global warming, CO2 transformation to value-added chemicals emerges as one of the ideal approaches for environmental remediation and greenhouse gas mitigation. Formaldehyde is an essential base chemical in petrochemical industry and important building chain for the production of useful life commodities. Currently, formaldehyde is industrially produced from methane via multiple energy-intensive processes including reforming, methanol synthesis, and methanol partial oxidation. Thus, the direct conversion of CO2 to this important chemical has been extensively focused and explored in industrial production and academics. This chapter provides a comprehensive and recent review about the current catalytic approaches for converting unwanted CO2 greenhouse gas to formaldehyde. Particularly, photocatalytic CO2 reduction to formaldehyde was systematically reviewed in terms of thermodynamics, mechanism, catalyst design, and catalytic performance. Apart from photocatalytic method, CO2 hydrogenation, selective methane oxidation, and homogeneous CO2 reduction were also discussed thoroughly in this chapter.


Photocatalysis Formaldehyde CO2 reduction CO2 hydrogenation Selective oxidation 



Carbon capture and sequestration


Carbon capture, utilization, and storage


CO2 reduction co-catalyst


Density functional theory




The cell potential


Bandgap energy


Faraday’s constant




Formic acid


H2 evolution reaction


Metal-organic frameworks


Nitrous oxide


Normal hydrogen electrode


Nuclear magnetic resonance


Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy


Proton-coupled electron transfer


Tertiary amines


Standard hydrogen electrode


Surface plasmon resonance


Water oxidation co-catalyst


The corresponding number of transferred electrons


Standard redox potential


Gibbs free energy


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials (CE@GrEEN)Nguyen Tat Thanh UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangGambang, KuantanMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Chemical TechnologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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