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Conversion of Carbon Dioxide into Formaldehyde

  • Trinh Duy Nguyen
  • Thuan Van Tran
  • Sharanjit Singh
  • Pham T. T. Phuong
  • Long Giang Bach
  • Sonil Nanda
  • Dai-Viet N. VoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 41)

Abstract

As carbon dioxide (CO2) is an undesirable greenhouse gas inducing global warming, CO2 transformation to value-added chemicals emerges as one of the ideal approaches for environmental remediation and greenhouse gas mitigation. Formaldehyde is an essential base chemical in petrochemical industry and important building chain for the production of useful life commodities. Currently, formaldehyde is industrially produced from methane via multiple energy-intensive processes including reforming, methanol synthesis, and methanol partial oxidation. Thus, the direct conversion of CO2 to this important chemical has been extensively focused and explored in industrial production and academics. This chapter provides a comprehensive and recent review about the current catalytic approaches for converting unwanted CO2 greenhouse gas to formaldehyde. Particularly, photocatalytic CO2 reduction to formaldehyde was systematically reviewed in terms of thermodynamics, mechanism, catalyst design, and catalytic performance. Apart from photocatalytic method, CO2 hydrogenation, selective methane oxidation, and homogeneous CO2 reduction were also discussed thoroughly in this chapter.

Keywords

Photocatalysis Formaldehyde CO2 reduction CO2 hydrogenation Selective oxidation 

Abbreviations

CCS

Carbon capture and sequestration

CCUS

Carbon capture, utilization, and storage

CRC

CO2 reduction co-catalyst

DFT

Density functional theory

e

Electron

Ecell

The cell potential

Eg

Bandgap energy

F

Faraday’s constant

HCHO

Formaldehyde

HCOOH

Formic acid

HER

H2 evolution reaction

MOFs

Metal-organic frameworks

N2O

Nitrous oxide

NHE

Normal hydrogen electrode

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

PALS

Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy

PCET

Proton-coupled electron transfer

R3N

Tertiary amines

SHE

Standard hydrogen electrode

SPR

Surface plasmon resonance

WOC

Water oxidation co-catalyst

z

The corresponding number of transferred electrons

ΔEo

Standard redox potential

ΔGo

Gibbs free energy

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Excellence for Green Energy and Environmental Nanomaterials (CE@GrEEN)Nguyen Tat Thanh UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources EngineeringUniversiti Malaysia PahangGambang, KuantanMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Chemical TechnologyVietnam Academy of Science and TechnologyHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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