Advertisement

European Integration: A Historical Overview

  • Kai PurnhagenEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Advances in Bioeconomy: Economics and Policies book series (PABEP)

Abstract

In his speech in Zurich in September 1946, Winston Churchill called for a United States of Europe coalition modelled on the United States of America. The past had taught that international peace treaties were no effective means to keep peace in Europe on a sustainable basis. This chapter outlines the historical steps of the European integration process from the foundation of the European Coal and Steel Community to Brexit. This includes the different steps of building the European Union (EU) following the sequence of treaties and enlargements and related reforms. It critically assesses this development and, based on this assessment, illustrates what could like be the future of the EU integration process.

References

  1. Afilalo, A., D. Patterson, and K. Purnhagen. 2014. Statecraft, the Market State and the Development of European Legal Culture. In Towards a European Legal Culture, ed. G. Helleringer and K. Purnhagen, 277. München/Oxford/Baden-Baden: Beck/Hart/Nomos.Google Scholar
  2. Barents, R. 2001. Some Observations on the Treaty of Nice. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 8: 121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Corbett, R. 1993. The Treaty of Maastricht. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  4. Craig, P. 2016. Brexit: A Drama in Six Acts. European Law Review 41 (4): 447–668.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2017. Development of the EU. In European Union Law, ed. Catherine Bernard and Steve Peers, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Chapter 2.Google Scholar
  6. Curtin, D. 1993. The Constitutional Structure of the Union: A Europe of Bits and Pieces. Common Market Law Review 30: 17–69.Google Scholar
  7. de Búrca, G. 2001. The Drafting of the Charta of Fundamental Rights. European Law Review 26: 126.Google Scholar
  8. Dehousse, R. 2006. The Unmaking of a Constitution: Lessons from the European Referenda. Constellations 3: 151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Duchêne, F. 1994. Jean Monnet: The First Statesman of Interdependence. London: Norton.Google Scholar
  10. Lenaerts, K., and E. de Smijter. 1999. The European Union as an Actor under International Law. Yearbook of European Union Law 19 (1): 95–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lipgens, W., ed. 1985. Documents of the History of European Integration. Florence: European University Institute.Google Scholar
  12. Pakenham, T. 1991. The Scramble for Africa. New York: Avon Books.Google Scholar
  13. Peers, S., and D. Harvey. 2017. Brexit. The Legal Dimension. In European Union Law, ed. Catherine Bernard and Steve Peers, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Chapter 27.Google Scholar
  14. Pinder, J. 1998. The Building of the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Purnhagen, K. 2020. From Supranationality to Managing Diversity—A (Re-)new(ed) Paradigm for the Establishment of the Internal Market? In Internal Market 2.0, ed. Inge Govaere and Sacha Garben. Oxford: Hart. Forthcoming.Google Scholar
  16. Weiler, J. 1981. The Community System. The Dual Character of Supranationalism. Yearbook of European Law 1 (1): 257–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. ———. 1991. The Transformation of Europe. Yale Law Journal 100 (8): 2403–2483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law and Governance GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations