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Notes on Methodology

  • Mário A. Perini
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with some questions having to do with methodology—in particular, with the kinds of empirical evidence that can be used to support analyses. The main topics are: literal meaning, as distinct from directly observed cognitive representations; the relation between literal meaning and semantic roles; fuzzy and discrete meaning distinctions; the empirical status of elaborations; the construction of empirically valid hyponymic tracks. These tracks must be established between readily accessible elaborate relations (ETRs), such as “eater,” and schematic relations (semantic roles) such as Agent. It is argued that in this task the use of introspective data in linguistic analysis is inevitable; some contrary views are discussed and rejected.

Keywords

Empirical evidence Hyponymic tracks Introspection Literal meaning 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mário A. Perini
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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