Sport Manipulations: Breaching Sport Rules for Gaining Advantage

  • Wladimir Andreff
Part of the Palgrave Pivots in Sports Economics book series (PAPISE)


This chapter aims at covering simple sport manipulations that do not include dysfunctions, distortions, corruption and naked economic crime. Some of them are not directly linked to making money out of the manipulation or taking an economic advantage from it such as hazing, sabotage, goading, diving, playing against the rules, gamesmanship, refereeing biases, health-compromising practices, naked violence and hooliganism. Then comes those rule violations that enable the guilty ones to gain a competitive or economic advantage which eventually translates into pocketing money streams such as cheating to make money, technological manipulations in sport, tanking and sandbagging.


Sport rules Hazing Sabotage Goading Diving Cheating Gamesmanship Refereeing biases Violence Hooliganism Technological manipulations Tanking Sandbagging 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wladimir Andreff
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre d’Economie de la SorbonneUniversity Paris 1 Panthéon-SorbonneParisFrance

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