Regarding the Examples

  • Thomas Rahlf


It is in all likelihood impossible to create a consistent and comprehensive systematics. In his semiology, Jaques Bertin distinguished between diagrams with two or three “components” and differentiated non-quantitative and quantitative “problems” for each of these, in addition to “problems that contain more than three components”. William S. Cleveland does not base his semiology on the presentation, but on the data, and differentiates between univariate, bivariate, trivariate, hypervariate, and “multiway data”. Leland Wilkinson limits his grammar to abstract systematics, and Edward Tufte forgoes all classifications and only discusses individual aspects. In this book, we choose a pragmatic systematisation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Rahlf
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität BonnBonnGermany

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