Motivation and the Unconscious

  • Ali H. Al-HoorieEmail author


This chapter presents an overview of the role of unconscious motivation and its relationship to conscious motivation. It provides a commentary on interesting findings from mainstream psychology pointing to the pervasive role of unconscious processes in human motivation. The discussion is then linked to language learning, where comparable findings are found. These findings emerged from various instruments and methodologies, including the matched-guise test, the Implicit Association Test, the Single-Target Association Test, and qualitative observation. Finally some directions for future research are suggested.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Commission for Jubail and YanbuJubailSaudi Arabia

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