Language Mindsets, Meaning-Making, and Motivation

  • Nigel Mantou LouEmail author
  • Kimberly A. Noels


“Mindset”, or beliefs concerning whether a psychological characteristic is more or less malleable, is an influential psychological concept that has had a wide impact on motivation research and educational practices. This chapter surveys research on mindsets in language learning, which shows that mindsets predict how learners make sense of their learning situations and their motivation during second/foreign language development. Synthesizing research in language learning and other domains, the Language-Mindset Meaning System (LMMS) framework highlights how language mindsets, as a fundamental belief about the nature of language, relate to aspects of language learning motivation (e.g., effort beliefs, attribution, achievement goal orientation, failure mindset, self-regulatory tendency, and competence-based emotions). A research agenda designed to better understand the LMMS’s content, impact, contextual influences, and dynamics is presented.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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