Advertisement

Beyond International Solidarity: The US Anti-communist Labour Policy in Brazil During the Cold War

  • Larissa Rosa CorrêaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)

Abstract

The chapter analyses the international history of the Brazilian labour movement from the end of World War II to the late 1960s by focusing on the role of the US anti-communist labour organizations during the Cold War. By examining the activities conducted by the AFL-CIO and ORIT in Brazil, Corrêa reveals their political aims as well the labour conflicts between the US anti-communist trade unionism, the Catholics international labour leaderships and the Brazilian local trade unionists. Besides, the author problematises the thin line between the international labour solidarity actions and the political intervention strategies in order to avoid the spread of “Communism”.

Bibliography

  1. Alexander, Robert J., A organização do trabalho na América Latina (Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1967).Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, Robert J., and Eldon M. Parker, International Labor Organizations and Organized Labor in Latin America and Caribbean: A History (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2009).Google Scholar
  3. Baptista, Jr., Roberto, Antissovietismo: reflexos e práticas compartilhadas de repressão no sistema interamericano (1945–64) (PhD thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 2005).Google Scholar
  4. Basso, Maristela, and Fabrício Polido, “A convenção 87 da OIT sobre Liberdade Sindical de 1948: Recomendações para a adequação do direito interno brasileiro aos princípios e regras internacionais do trabalho,” Revista do Tribunal Superior do Trabalho 3, no. 78 (2012): 124–219.Google Scholar
  5. Basualdo, Victoria, “El movimiento sindical argentino y sus relaciones internacionales. Una contribución sobre la presencia de la CIOSL y la ORIT en la Argentina desde fines de los ‘40 hasta comienzos de los’ 80,” Revista Mundos do Trabalho 5, no. 10 (2013): 199–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Black, J.K., “Lincoln Gordon and Brazil’s Military Counterrevolution,” in Ambassadors in Foreign Policy: The Influences of Individuals on U.S.-Latin American Policy, eds. C.N. Ronning and A.P. Vannucci (New York: Prager, 1987): 95–113.Google Scholar
  7. Chotil, Mazé Torcquato, L’exil ouvrier. La saga des Brésiliens contraints au départ (1964–1985) ([Auchy-lez-Orchies]: Éditions Estampuis, 2015).Google Scholar
  8. Christiaens, Kim, Orchestrating Solidarity: Third World Agency, Transnational Networks & The Belgian Mobilization for Vietnam and Latin America 1960s–1980s (PhD thesis, KU Leuven, 2013).Google Scholar
  9. Colistete, Renato, “Trade Unions and the ICFTU in the Age of Developmentalism in Brazil, 1953–1962,” Hispanic American Historical Review 92, no. 4 (2012): 669–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Corrêa, Larissa Rosa, Disseram que voltei americanizado: relações sindicais Brasil-Estados Unidos durante a ditadura militar (Campinas: Editora da Unicamp, 2017).Google Scholar
  11. da Silva, Fernando Teixeira, “The Brazilian and Italian Labor Courts: Comparative Notes,” International Review of Social History 55, no. 3 (2010): 381–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. de Moraes Filho, Evaristo, O problema do sindicato único no Brasil (São Paulo: Alfa-Ômega, 1978).Google Scholar
  13. Fontes, Paulo, and Fernando Teixeira da Silva, “Brazil, Labor Struggles,” in International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, ed. Immanuel Ness (Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009): 473–478.Google Scholar
  14. Garcia, Magaly Rodriguez, Liberal Workers of the World, Unite? The ICFTU and the Defense of Labour Liberalism in Europe and Latin America (1949–1969) (Bern: Peter Lang, 2010).Google Scholar
  15. García, Magaly Rodríguez, “The AFL–CIO and ORIT in Latin America’s Andean Region, from 1950s to the 1960s,” in American Labor’s Global Ambassadors: The International History of the AFL–CIO During the Cold War, eds. Robert Anthony Waters, Jr. and Geert Van Goethem (New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2013): 137–164.Google Scholar
  16. Green, James N., We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010).Google Scholar
  17. Herrera, Patricio, “El asedio de la clase obrera organizada en los inicios de la Guerra Fría: El caso de la CTAL, 1943–1953,” Revista Divergencia 6, no. 5 (2016): 29–39.Google Scholar
  18. [IFCTU], “Declaration of Principles, Manifesto, Program, Resolutions Adopted by the XVth World Congress of the IFCTU,” Supplement of Labor 45 (1964): 39.Google Scholar
  19. IFCTU, What Is, How It Works, What It Does (ICFTU, 5th ed., 1965).Google Scholar
  20. Landsberger, Henry A., International Labor Organizations. Reprint Series, no. 243 (New York: Cornell University: no date).Google Scholar
  21. McCann, Franklin D., Brazil and the United States During World War II and Its Aftermath: Negotiating Alliance and Balancing Giants (Cham, Switzerland: E-Book, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morris, George, CIA and American Labor (New York: International Publishers, 1967).Google Scholar
  23. [NN], “CLASC unmasked,” Labor 2 (1967): 41–49.Google Scholar
  24. ORIT, Mirando nuestra America (Mexico, DF: ORIT, 1953).Google Scholar
  25. ORIT, El Movimento Sindical Libre del Continente y la Reforma Agraria. ORIT, Departamento de Organización y de Publicaciones de la ORIT (Mexico, DF: ORIT, 1962).Google Scholar
  26. Rabe, Stephen G., U.S. Intervention in British Guiana: A Cold War Story (Durham, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2006).Google Scholar
  27. Romualdi, Serafino, President and Peons: Recollections of a Labor Ambassador in Latin America (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1967).Google Scholar
  28. Semán, Ernesto, Ambassadors of the Working Class: Argentina’s International Labor Activists & Cold War Democracy in the Americas (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 2017).Google Scholar
  29. Southall, Roger, Imperialismo or Solidarity? International Labour and South African Trade Unions (Cape Town: UCT Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  30. Tribuna da Imprensa.Google Scholar
  31. Vergara, Angela, “Chilean Workers and the US Labor Movement: From Solidarity to Intervention, 1950s–1970s,” in American Labor’s Global Ambassadors: The International History of the AFL–CIO During the Cold War, eds. Robert Anthony Waters, Jr. and Geert Van Goethem (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013): 201–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Walcher, Dustin, “Reforming Latin-American Labor: The AFL–CIO and Latin America’s Cold War,” in American Labor’s Global Ambassadors: The International History of the AFL–CIO During the Cold War, eds. Robert Anthony Waters, Jr. and Geert Van Goethem (New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2013): 123–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Waters, Jr., Robert Anthony, “More Subtle Than We Knew: The AFL in the British Caribbean,” in American Labor’s Global Ambassadors: The International History of the AFL–CIO During the Cold War, eds. Robert Anthony Waters, Jr. and Geert Van Goethem (New York: Palgrave Macmillan 2013): 165–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Weis, W. Michael, Cold Warriors & Coups D’Etat: Brazilian-American Relations, 1945–1964 (Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico, 1993).Google Scholar
  35. Wiarda, Howard J., O modelo corporativo na América Latina e a latino-americanização dos Estados Unidos (Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro: Vozes, 1983).Google Scholar
  36. Windmuller, John P., American Labor and the International Labor Movement, 1940–1953 (New York: Institute of International Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, 1954).Google Scholar
  37. Windmuller, John P., “Labor: A Partner in American Foreign Policy?” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 350 (November 1963): 104–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Windmuller, John P. “International Trade Union Organizations: Structure, Functions, Limitations,” in International Labor, eds. Solomon Barkin, William Dymond, Everett M. Kassalow, Frederic Meyers, and Charles A. Myers (New York, Evanston, and London: Harper & Row, 1967): 81–108.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pontifical Catholic UniversityRio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations