Advertisement

The Guest Who Invited Himself: The International Free Trade Union Movement During and Between the Two World Wars

  • Geert Van GoethemEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of Social Movements book series (PSHSM)

Abstract

Are international trade unions militant organisations, with the international level being the superlative of the national, or rather networks focused on information exchange and representation? The discussion is as old as the international trade union movement itself. This chapter highlights both the mindset and the practice of the international free trade union movement during and between the two world wars. It examines the essential characteristics of international trade unionism, and also the relationship between the national and international levels. The chapter also states that labour historians pay too little attention to the immaterial side of this internationalism, just as historians take too little account of the role of the international workers’ movement in the development of a transnational civil society.

Bibliography

  1. Bayerlein, Bernhard, Kasper Braskén, and Holger Weiss, “Transnational and Global Perspectives on International Communist Solidarity Organisations,” in International Communism and Transnational Solidarity: Radical Networks, Mass Movements and Global Politics, 1919–1939, ed. Holger Weiss (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017): 1–27.Google Scholar
  2. Braskén, Kasper, The International Workers’ Relief, Communism, and Transnational Solidarity: Willi Münzenberg in Weimar Germany (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Calhoun, David, The United Front: The TUC and the Russians, 1923–1928 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).Google Scholar
  4. Chatfield, Charles, “Intergovernmental and Nongovernmental Association to 1945,” in Transnational Social Movements and Global Politics: Solidarity Beyond the State, eds. Jackie Smith, Charles Chatfield, and Ron Pagnucco (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1997): 19–41.Google Scholar
  5. Clavin, Patricia, “Introduction: Conceptualising Internationalism Between the World Wars,” in Internationalism Reconfigured: Transnational Ideas and Movements Between the World Wars, ed. Daniel Laqua (London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2011): 1–14.Google Scholar
  6. Collomp, Catherine, Résister au nazisme. Le Jewish Labor Committee, New York, 1934–1945 (Paris: CNRS Editions, 2016).Google Scholar
  7. Cox, Robert Warburton, “Gramsci, Hegemony and International Relations,” in Gramsci, Historical Materialism and International Relations, ed. Stephen Gill (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993): 49–66.Google Scholar
  8. Filippelli, Ronald, American Labor and Postwar Italy, 1943–1953: A Study of Cold War Politics (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
  9. Iriye, Akira, Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002).Google Scholar
  10. Koch Baumgarten, Sigrid. Edo Fimmen, Eisenfaust im Seidenhandschuh. Eine Politische Biographie (unpublished dissertation).Google Scholar
  11. Pasture, Patric, Histoire du syndicalisme chrétien international/ la difficile recherché d’une troisième voie (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1999).Google Scholar
  12. Silverman, Victor, Imagining Internationalism in American and British Labor, 1939–1949 (Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2000).Google Scholar
  13. Van der Linden, Marcel, Transnational Labour History: Explorations (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003).Google Scholar
  14. Van Goethem, Geert, The Amsterdam International: The World of the International Federation of Trade Unions (IFTU), 1913–1945. Studies in Labour History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006).Google Scholar
  15. Van Goethem, Geert, “An International Experiment of Women Workers: The International Federation of Working Women, 1919–1924,” Revue Belge de Philologie et de Histoire 84, no. 4 (2006): 1025–1047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Van Goethem, Geert, “Labor’s Second Front: The Foreign Policy of the American and British Trade Union Movements During the Second World War,” Diplomatic History 34, no. 4 (2010): 663–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Waters, Robert Anthony, and Geert Van Goethem (eds.), American Labor’s Global Ambassadors: The International History of the AFL-CIO During the Cold War (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).Google Scholar
  18. Wickins, Peter Lionel, The Industrial and Commercial Workers’ Union of Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press, 1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Amsab-Institute of Social HistoryGhentBelgium

Personalised recommendations