Advertisement

Cases of Totalitarianism

  • Steven SaxonbergEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses why Spain during the Inquisition meets the criteria for being a totalitarian country, while France during its inquisition does not. Similarly, the chapter discusses why Germany meets the definition of totalitarianism during the Nazi era, but not Sweden.

Keywords

Totalitarianism Political religion Fear Ideology Politicized religion Inquisition 

References

  1. Aharony, M. (2010). Hannah Arendt and the Idea of Total Domination. Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 24(2), 193–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barkey, K., & Katznelson, I. (2011). States, Regimes, and Decisions: Why Jews were Expelled from Medieval England and France. Theory and Society, 40(5), 475–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bärsch, C. E. (2002). Die politische Religion des Nationalsozialismus. Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag.Google Scholar
  4. Berger, R. J. (1993). The “Banality of Evil” Reframed: The Social Construction of the “Final Solution” to the “Jewish Problem”. The Sociological Quarterly, 34(4), 604.Google Scholar
  5. Burleigh, M. (2000a). National Socialism as a Political Religion. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 1(2), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burleigh, M. (2000b). The Third Reich: A New History. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  7. Chalk, F., & Jonassohn, K. (1990). The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses ad Case Studies. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cruz, G. C. (1997). Los Comisarios de la Inquisición de Sevilla en el Siglo XVIII. In E. G. Fernández (Ed.), El Centinela de la Fe. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla.Google Scholar
  9. Cruz, G. C. (2000). Los Familiares de la Inquisición. Valladolid: Junta de Castilla y León.Google Scholar
  10. Flynn, M. (1991). Mimesis of the Last Judgment: The Spanish Auto de fe. The Sixteenth Century Journal, 22(2), 281–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Friedlander, A. (2000). The Hammer of the Inquisitors: Brother Bernard Délicieux & the Struggle Against the Inquisition in Fourteenth-Century France. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  12. Friedman, J. (1987). Jewish Conversion, the Spanish Pure Blood Laws and Reformation: A Revisionist View of Racial and Religious Antisemitism. The Sixteenth Century Journal, 18(1), 3–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gellately, R. (1980). The Gestapo and German Society: Political Denunciation in the Gestapo Case Files. Journal of Modern History, 60(4), 654–694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gitlitz, D. (2000). Inquisition Confessions and Lazarillo de Tormes. Hispanic Review, 68(1), 53–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Haskins, C. H. (1902). Robert Le Bougre and the Beginnings of the Inquisition in Northern France. The American Historical Review, 7(4), 631–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kamen, H. (1985). Inquisition and Society in Spain in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Lea, H. C. (1888). A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages: Volume 2. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington.Google Scholar
  18. Ley, M., & Schoeps, H. (Eds.). (1997). Der Nationalsozialismus als politische Religion. Frankfurt: Philo Verlagsgesellshaft.Google Scholar
  19. Mann, R. (1979). Politische Penetration und gesellschaftliche Reaktion: Anzeigen zur Gestapo im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland. In R. Mackensen & S. Felizitas (Eds.), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie und der ad-hoc-Gruppen beim 19. Deutschen Soziologentag. 17–20 April, Berlin.Google Scholar
  20. Nalle, S. T. (1987). Inquisitors, Priests, and the People During the Catholic Reformation in Spain. The Sixteenth Century Journal, 18(4), 557–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pérez, J. (2005). The Spanish Inquisition: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Rawlings, H. (2006). The Spanish Inquisition. Oxford: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Roberts, D. D. (2009). ‘Political Religion’ and the Totalitarian Departures of Inter-War Europe: On the Uses and Disadvantages of an Analytical Category. Contemporary European History, 18(4), 381–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Roth, N. (1995/2002). Conversos, Inquisition, and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Madison: University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar
  25. Trachtenberg, J. (1943/2001). The Devil and the Jews: The Medieval Conception of the Jew and Its Relation to Modern Antisemitism. New Haven: Yale University Press/Varda Books.Google Scholar
  26. Tsao, R. T. (2002). The Three Phases of Arendt’s Theory of Totalitarianism. Social Research, 69(2), 579–619.Google Scholar
  27. Vondung, K. (1997). Die Apokalypse des Nationalsozialismus. In M. Ley & J. H. Schoeps (Eds.), Der Nationalsozialismus als politische Religion. Frankfurt: Philo Verlagsgesellshaft.Google Scholar
  28. Vondung, K. (2005). National Socialism as a Political Religion: Potentials and Limits of an Analytical Concept. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 6(1), 87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Weitz, E. D. (2003). A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Yerushalmi, Y. H. (1970). The Inquisition and the Jews of France in the Time of Bernard Gui. The Harvard Theological Review, 63(3), 317–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zukier, H. (1994). The Twisted Road to Genocide: On The Psychological Development of Evil During the Holocaust. Social Research, 61(2), 435.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of European Studies and International RelationsComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Center for Social and Economic StrategiesCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations