Data Protection in the Internet: Cape Verde’s National Report

  • José Pina-DelgadoEmail author
Part of the Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law book series (GSCL, volume 38)


The purpose of this report, which covers developments up until 2018, is to present, from a general perspective, the Cape Verdean data protection system by taking into account its legislative framework and the case-law produced by relevant Courts and Administrative Authorities. Thus, this contribution will not deal with the basics of the data protection regime in force outside the questions other than for the comparative purpose of the collective project. It will focus mainly on the general model and not on the particular legal norms.

Though a pioneer, as one of the first African countries to have a Law on Data Protection and to include references to related rights in its Constitution, the development of the system largely existed only in the books and has only been put into action after the Data Protection National Authority became operative. It is directed mainly at regulating general aspects of data protection, but the initial stage includes the drafting of minor specific rules regarding data protection on the internet.

The stabilisation of the field will require several years because the efforts being made by legislative bodies to incrementally complete the system are ongoing, and are especially necessary with regard to the specific problems generated by the internet and the new technologies of information and communication. In addition to this, courts—especially the Constitutional Court—are starting to develop their case-law on privacy rights related matters, including data protection guarantees and situations where these collide with communicative freedom and clashes with important public interests. This means that even without legislative developments one has to take into account the possibility of hermeneutical operations of clarification and eventually of rule-creation conducted by the judicial organs.


  1. Abdulrauf LA, Fombad CM (2016) The African Union’s data protection Convention 2014: a possible cause for celebration of human rights in Africa? J Media Law 8(1):67–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almeida GC (2004) Subsídios em Torno dos Direitos de Cidadania na Sociedade de Informação. Direito e Cidadania 19:229–268Google Scholar
  3. Almeida GC (2010) Direito do Trabalho Cabo-Verdiano. ISCJS, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Arendt H (1968) Men in dark times. Harcourt Brace, OrlandoGoogle Scholar
  5. Baker B (2006) Cape Verde: the most democratic nation in Africa? J Mod Afr Stud 44(4):493–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baker B (2009a) Africa’s secret story of success: Cape Verde. Br Acad Rev 11:43–45Google Scholar
  7. Baker B (2009b) Cape Verde: marketing good governance. Afr Spectr 44(2):135–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bartlett J (2018) The people vs the tech. How the internet is killing democracy (and how can we save it). Ebury, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Bogdan M (2000) The law of the Republic of Cape Verde twenty five years after independence. J Afr Law 44(1):86–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buitelaar JC (2012) Privacy: back to the roots. German Law Rev 13(3):171–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bygrave L (2010) Privacy and data protection in international perspective. Scan Stud Law 56:165–200Google Scholar
  12. Cardoso H (1993) O Partido Único em Cabo Verde. Um Assalto à Esperança. Imprensa Nacional de Cabo Verde, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  13. Cepeda Espinosa MJ (2012) Privacy. In: Rosenfeld M, Sajo A (eds) The Oxford handbook of comparative constitutional law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 966–981Google Scholar
  14. Chabal P (1996) The transition to multi-party politics in Lusophone Africa. Problems and prospects. Lusotopie:57–69Google Scholar
  15. Cham (2017) Cape Verde. In: Data protection laws of the world, pp 87–90. Accessed 16 May 2017
  16. Civil Aviation Authority (2016) Proposta de Código de Conduta e Ética [Draft code on behaviour and ethics]. AAC, Praia (on file with author)Google Scholar
  17. Commission of the European Communities (2007) Communication from the Commission to the Council and to the European Parliament on the Future of the Relations between the European Union and the Republic of Cape Verde (2007), COM (2007), Brussels 24.10.2007. Last accessed 6 Jan 2019
  18. Eberle EJ (2001) The right to informational self-determination. Utah Law Rev 4:965–1006Google Scholar
  19. Eggers D (2013) The circle. Knopf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Fried C (1968) Privacy. The Yale Law Journal 77 (3):475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fonseca JC (2003) Um Novo Código de Processo Penal para Cabo Verde. Estudo sobre o Anteprojecto do novo Código. AAFDL, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  22. Fonseca JC (2009) Fundamental rights and constitutional limits and constraints to the police action in the criminal procedure: several aspects in some Juslusophony systems. In: Oliveira J, Cardinal P (eds) One country, two systems, three legal orders – perspective of evolution. Springer, Berlin, pp 359–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gavison R (1980) Privacy and the limits of law. Yale Law J 89(3):421–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Greenleaf G (2012) The influence of European Data Privacy Standards outside Europe: implications for the globalisation of Convention 108? Int Data Privacy Law 2(2):68–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Guedes Vieira AL, Ferreira-Pereira L (2007) The European Union-Cape Verde special partnership. The role of Portugal. Portuguese J Int Aff 1:42–50Google Scholar
  26. Hirsch D (2011) The law and policy of online privacy: regulation, self-regulation, or co-regulations? Seattle Univ Law Rev 34:439–480Google Scholar
  27. Leenes R, Koops B-J, De Hert P (eds) (2008) Constitutional rights and new technologies. A comparative study. T.M.C. Asser Press, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  28. Leite AL (2009) Algumas considerações sobre o regime jurídico das escutas telefónicas em Cabo Verde. Direito e Cidadania 29:9–48Google Scholar
  29. Lima A (2004) Cape Verde. In: Heyns C (ed) Human rights law in Africa, vol II. Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, pp 954–959Google Scholar
  30. Lima A (2007) Cape Verde. In: Robbers G (ed) Encyclopaedia of world constitutions, vol I, Facts on file. New York, pp 174–178Google Scholar
  31. Lobban R Jr (1995) Cape Verde. From colony to independent nation. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  32. Makulilo AB (2012) Privacy and data protection in Africa: the state of the art. Int Data Privacy Law 2(3):163–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Meyns P (2002) Cape Verde: an African exception. J Democracy 13(3):153–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Moura Vicente D (2005) Problemática Internacional da Sociedade de Informação. Almedina, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  35. National Assembly (1992) Atas da Sessão Parlamentar de Aprovação da Versão Originária da Constituição de 1992. Assembleia Nacional, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  36. National Authority on Data Protection (2015) Relatório de Atividades. CNPD, Praia (not published; on file with author)Google Scholar
  37. National Authority on Data Protection (2016) Relatório de Atividades 2016. CNPD, Praia. (not published; on file with author)Google Scholar
  38. National Authority on Data Protection (2017) Relatório de Atividades. CNPD, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  39. National Commission for Human Rights and Citizenship (2011) I Relatório Nacional de Direitos Humanos, 2004–2010. CNDHC, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  40. National Company on Airports and Air Security (2016) Código de Conduta: Uso da Internet, Correio Eletrónico, Computador e Documentos [Code of conduct: internet use, electronic mail, computers and documents]. Sal, ASA, approved on 18 March 2016 (on file with author)Google Scholar
  41. Oliveira e Costa M (2012) Portugal. In: Kuschewsky M (ed) Data protection & privacy. Jurisdictional comparisons. Sweet & Maxwell, London, pp 419–439Google Scholar
  42. Orji UE (2017) Regionalizing data protection law: a discourse on the status and implementation of the ECOWAS Data Protection Act. Int Data Privacy Law 7(3):179–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Orwell G (1949) Nineteen eighty-four. Penguin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  44. Patrício R (2009) Da Prova no Novo Código de Processo Penal de Cabo Verde. In: Dias AS, Fonseca JC (eds) Direito Processual Penal de Cabo Verde. Sumário do Curso de Pós-Graduação sobre o Novo Código de Processo Penal de Cabo Verde. Almedina, Coimbra, pp 221–246Google Scholar
  45. Pina-Delgado J (2013) Constituição de Cabo Verde de 1992 – Fundação de uma República Liberal de Direito, Democrática e Social. In: Pina-Delgado J, Silva MR (eds) Estudos Comemorativos do XX Aniversário da Constituição de Cabo Verde. Edições ISCJS, Praia, pp 113–159Google Scholar
  46. Pina-Delgado J (2018) O Direito Internacional Público no Direito Cabo-Verdiano. In: Bacelar Gouveia J, Pereira Coutinho F (eds) O Direito Internacional Público nos Direitos de Língua Portuguesa. CEDIS, Lisboa, pp 81–176Google Scholar
  47. Pinheiro AS (2015) Privacy e Proteção de Dados Pessoais: A Construção Dogmática do Direito à Identidade Informacional. AAFDL, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  48. Prime Minister’s Office (2005a) PAGE – Plano de Acção para a Governação Electrónica. Gabinete do Primeiro Ministro, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  49. Prime Minister’s Office (2005b) Programa Estratégico para a Sociedade de Informação. Gabinete do Primeiro Ministro, PraiaGoogle Scholar
  50. Resende-Santos J (2016) Electronic government in Cabo Verde: the prospects and limits of innovation in small island developing states. In: Adesida O, Karuri-Sebina G, Resende-Santos J (eds) Innovation Africa. Emerging hubs of excellency. Emerald, Bingley, pp 99–165Google Scholar
  51. Rouvroy A, Poullet Y (2009) The right of informational self-determination and the value of self-development: reassessing the importance of privacy for democracy. In: Gutwirth S et al (eds) Reinventing data protection? Springer, Cham, pp 45–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sarmento e Costa C (2005) Direito da Informática, Privacidade e Dados Pessoais. Almedina, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  53. Schulhofer S (2016) An international right to privacy? Be careful what you wish for. Int Constitutional Law J 14(1):238–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Silva MR (2015) Contributo para a História Político-Constitucional de Cabo Verde, 1974–992. Almedina, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  55. Silveira O (1992) A Tortura em Nome do Partido Único. O PAICV e a sua Polícia Política. Terra Nova, Ponto e Vírgula, MindeloGoogle Scholar
  56. Sloan R, Warner R (2016) The self, the Stasi, the NSA: privacy, knowledge and complicity in the surveillance state. Minn J Law Sci Technol 17(1):347–408Google Scholar
  57. Solove D (2006) A taxonomy of privacy. Univ Pa Law Rev 154(3):477–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Solove D (2011) Nothing to hide. The false tradeoff between privacy and security. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  59. Spiekermann U (ed) (2014) The Stasi at home and abroad. Domestic order and foreign intelligence. German Historical Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  60. Stephens-Davidowitz S (2017) Everybody lies. Big data, new data and what internet reveals about who we really are. Day Street, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  61. Tizoc Gonzalez M (2015) Habeas data: comparative constitutional interventions from Latin America against neoliberal states of insecurity and surveillance. Chicago-Kent Law Rev 90(2):641–668Google Scholar
  62. Traça JL, Embry B (2011) An overview of the legal regime for data protection in Cape Verde. Int Data Privacy Law 1(4):249–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Traça JL, Gaspar PM (2016) Data protection in Cape Verde: analysis of the state of the art. In: Makulilo AB (ed) African data privacy laws. Springer, Cham, pp 249–258Google Scholar
  64. Ukaigwe J (2016) ECOWAS law. Springer, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. UNTACD (2012) Harmonizing cyberlaw and regulations. The experience of the East African Community. UNTACD, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  66. Wacks R (2010) Privacy: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Wambier TAA (ed.) (1998) Habeas Data. Revista dos Tribunais, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  68. Warren S, Brandeis L (1890) The right to privacy. Harv Law Rev 4(5):193–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Whitman J (2004) Two western cultures of privacy: dignity versus liberty. Yale Law J 113:1151–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Zhao B (2014) The internationalisation of data privacy: toward a common protection. Groningen J Int Law 2(2):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Superior de Ciências Jurídicas & Sociais of PraiaPraiaCape Verde
  2. 2.Constitutional Court of the Republic of Cape VerdePraiaCape Verde

Personalised recommendations