Data Protection in International Trade Law

  • José Augusto Fontoura Costa
Part of the Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law book series (GSCL, volume 38)


This report describes data protection provisions in international trade agreements, notably in the WTO system and in 75 regional agreements registered in the multilateral system, in which there are provisions on e-commerce. It is possible to find a European Union model that is included in the Union’s agreements with third countries. American agreements present far lower concerns with data protection. Agreements between and among countries of other regions do not show a clear pattern, although Asian rules are more protective of personal data than American ones.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Augusto Fontoura Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.University of São Paulo, Law FacultySão PauloBrazil

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