Vygotsky’s Marxist Psychology Is the Scientific Psychology for Advancing Social-Psychological Emancipation

  • Carl RatnerEmail author
Part of the Critical Theory and Practice in Psychology and the Human Sciences book series (CTPPHS)


This chapter articulates a new interpretation of Vygotsky’s cultural-historical psychology. It emphasizes and documents his Marxist orientation to cultural psychology. Especially important is his use of Marx’s historical materialism as his theory of culture. Political culture informs all of human psychology. Various examples, including the female orgasm, illustrate this. The cultural determinations and conditions of psychology explain what needs to be improved in order to achieve psychological fulfillment. Fulfillment comes from reorganizing culture and not from subjective changes in meaning. Cultural-historical psychology thereby has insights to emancipatory movements.


Historical materialism Marxism Psychological tools Internalization Macro culture Micro culture Social class Orgasm Resilience 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Cultural Research and EducationTrinidadUSA

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