Martin-Baro’s Liberation Psychology

  • Carl RatnerEmail author
Part of the Critical Theory and Practice in Psychology and the Human Sciences book series (CTPPHS)


This chapter presents a thorough analysis of Martin-Baro’s Liberation Psychology. It draws upon untranslated, often unpublished, texts that were retrieved from his office in El Salvador. Liberation Psychology is an objective analysis of oppressive social conditions that oppress psychology. Martin-Baro also assessed the real social consciousness of factions of the population. This was his interpretation of conscientization. This indicates the revolutionary potential of the factions. Martin-Baro criticized peasants’ misunderstanding of their conditions. He also explained social reasons for their misunderstanding.


Liberation Psychology Historical Materialism Indigenous Psychology Conscientization Oppression Community 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Cultural Research and EducationTrinidadUSA

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