The 4E Education

  • Victoria OrangeEmail author


In this chapter consideration is given to what is passed on to us, what passes through generations to reach and form us and what experiences are brought with us to our interaction. According to the author, the components that come from our past experiences to our interaction flows and episodes are interconnected in a complex adaptive sub-system which is part of the interaction supercomplex adaptive system. This sub-system is one of the 4Es and is called Education. It is described in this chapter together with its main components which are formal, non-formal, informal and self-education and culture and an explanation of how it can be seen as a complex adaptive system and how it fits in with the interaction supercomplex adaptive system is given along with a detailed example.


Education Formal Non-Formal Informal Self-Education Culture 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Language and Global StudiesUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK

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