Iran and the International Community: A Counter-Hegemonic Norm Breaker?

  • Carmen WunderlichEmail author
Part of the Norm Research in International Relations book series (NOREINRE)


The Islamic Republic of Iran has a long history of being perceived as a counter-hegemonic norm breaker. In this chapter, Wunderlich explores the world order conceptions underlying Iran’s behavior in and toward the international system. Departing from the country’s historical and geographical context as well as its institutional setting, Wunderlich draws attention to the ideological foundations of Iran’s foreign and security policy. The chapter concludes that Iran’s behavior toward the normative order is ambivalent: Notwithstanding norm transgressions and discursive as well as practical contestation in some policy fields, the display of an antagonistic attitude and the propagation of a normative alternative aim toward a reform of the Western liberal-shaped normative order rather than its complete overthrow.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Political ScienceUniversity of Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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