Military Visions of Peace
This chapter introduces the visions of peace held by Dutch military officers. It argues that these military peace workers tend to think of peace as a ‘stairway’ of ever more holistic forms of peace, ranging from a minimal ‘freedom from fear’ that they seek to establish in (post-) conflict societies, to a holistic ‘peace-as-freedom’ that they defend at home. A second finding is that Dutch military officers are very relativistic about what they can achieve in (post-) conflict areas, more so than any of the other groups. Any step beyond establishing freedom from fear, including the establishment of some form of functioning state authority (statebuilding), a third concept of peace they adhere to, must be taken by local actors and in accordance with local traditions. This military attitude reflects some of the critique on the notion of liberal peace, specifically that associated with the local turn and everyday peace.
- Brusset, E., C. De Coning, et al. (2016). Complexity thinking for peacebuilding practice and evaluation. Springer.Google Scholar
- Gordon, M. R. (2000). “The 2000 campaign: The military; Bush would stop U.S. peacekeeping in Balkan fights.” The New York Times, October 21, 2000.Google Scholar
- Kaldor, M. H. and S. Beebe (2010). The ultimate weapon is no weapon: Human security and the new rules of war and peace. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
- Noll, J., D. van den Wollenberg, et al. (2016). “Introduction. The dilemma of leaving: Political and military exit strategies.” In Netherlands annual review of military studies 2015. Springer: 1–17.Google Scholar
- Ottaway, M. (2002). “Nation building.” Foreign Policy 132: 16–24.Google Scholar
- Preble, C. A. (2011). The power problem: How American military dominance makes us less safe, less prosperous, and less free. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar