Advertisement

Touching with a Virtualized Hand: Analogue’s Transports

  • Liam JarvisEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Performance and Technology book series (PSPT)

Abstract

In this chapter, I investigate the complex proposition of becoming ‘immersed’ in virtualized identities in third sector and educational contexts, focusing on the research, development and reception of my company Analogue’s Wellcome Trust funded pilot project Transports—an interactive installation that invites individual immersants to participate in a first-person simulation of a fictionalized subject living with Young-Onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). The installation used low-budget components in combination with multisensory stimulation as a methodology to engender in participants a feeling of bodily ownership over a virtual hand. The aim was to cultivate an embodied understanding and a personal sense of living with a symptom associated with YOPD. I will explore the genealogy of the project, the iterative stages of its R&D process and evaluate the outcomes from the qualitative data gathered from participant questionnaires during the user-testing phase and testimonials from scientific/third sector collaborators on the project to assess its real-world impacts. I argue that the technology in use in Transports acts as both an intermediary between the virtual and actual hands, and an intervention designed to deliberately disrupt the co-ordination of the immersant’s limbs involved in the performance of a motor-skill. The destabilizing of important integrations of sensory information in the audience’s body is a strategy to make accessible the remote physical and psychical experiences of another body.

References

  1. Auslander, Philip. 1999. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Baddeley, Alan, Hazel Emslie, and Ian Nimmo-Smith. 1994. Doors and People. Innovact. http://www.innovact.co.za/Doors%20and%20People.htm.
  3. Beckerman, Bernard. 1990. Theatrical Presentation: Performer, Audience and Act, ed. Gloria Brim and William Coco. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Bentz, Valerie Malhotra, and Jeremy J. Shapiro. 1998. Mindful Inquiry in Social Research. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  5. Breel, Astrid. 2017. ‘Explorations: What Is Participatory Performance?’, Forum on the Art of Participation: A Curated Collection of Reflections, Explorations, and Instructions. PARtake: The Journal of Performance as Research. 1.2 Participation in/and Research: Ethics, Methodologies, Expectations.Google Scholar
  6. Brodzinski, Emma. 2010. Theatre in Health and Care. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ceurstemont, Sandrine. 2014. What It’s Like to Have Parkinson’s for 15 Minutes. New Scientist. Published on 19 November 2014.Google Scholar
  8. Charles, P.D., G.J. Esper, T.L. Davis, R.J. Maciunas, and D. Robertson. 1999. Classification of Tremor and Update on Treatment. American Family Physician 59: 1565–1572.Google Scholar
  9. de Vignemont, Frédérique. 2018. Mind the Body: An Exploration of Bodily Self-Awareness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Farrer, Anna. 2014. New Technology Allows Medical Professionals to Step into their Patients’ Shoes. Royal Holloway website. Uploaded 3 November 2014. https://www.royalholloway.ac.uk/aboutus/newsandevents/news/newsarticles/newtechnologyallowsmedicalprofessionalstostepintotheirpatientsshoes.aspx. Accessed 15 Apr 2018.
  11. Hutchins, Meghan. Email to the Author (Containing Panel Member #1’s Written Feedback). 25 June 2014. TS.Google Scholar
  12. ———. Email to the Author (Containing Panel Member #2 & #3’s Feedback). 27 June 2014. TS.Google Scholar
  13. Jarvis, Liam. 2014. Personal Interview with Daiga Heisters. 29 July 2014.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 2017. Time-Sculptures of Terrifying Ambiguity: Staging ‘Inner Space’ and Migrating Realities in Analogue’s Living Film Set. International Journal of Performance Arts and Digital Media 13 (1): 21–38.Google Scholar
  15. Kelley, John F. 1983a. An Empirical Methodology for Writing User-Friendly Natural Language Computer Applications. In CHI ‘83 Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 193–196. Boston, MA, USA.Google Scholar
  16. ———. 1983b. Natural Language and Computers: Six Empirical Steps for Writing an Easy-to-Use Computer Application. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, U.S.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 1984. An Iterative Design Methodology for User-Friendly Natural Language Office Information Applications. ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS) 2 (1): 26–41.Google Scholar
  18. Kemmis, S., R. McTaggart, and J. Retallick (eds.). 2004. The Action Research Planner (2nd ed. rev.). Karachi: Aga Khan University, Institute for Educational Development.Google Scholar
  19. Lance, James W., Robert S. Schwab, and Elizabeth A. Peterson. 1963. Action Tremor and the Cogwheel Phenomenon in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain: A Journal of Neurology 86: 95–110.Google Scholar
  20. Leder, Drew. 1990. The Absent Body. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  21. Little, Max. 2012. Max Little: A Test for Parkinson’s with a Phone Call. TEDGlobal. Uploaded June 2012. http://www.ted.com/talks/max_little_a_test_for_parkinson_s_with_a_phone_call. Accessed 26 Apr 2014.
  22. Negro, Camillo. 1928. Le Phénomène de la roue dentée. Encéphale 23: 203–224.Google Scholar
  23. Nelson, Robin. 2013. Practice as Research in the Arts: Principles, Protocols, Pedagogies, Resistances. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parkin, Alan J. 1997. Memory and Amnesia: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  25. Parkinson’s Disease Overview. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. http://pathways.nice.org.uk/pathways/parkinsons-disease. Accessed 31 July 2014.
  26. Parkinson’s Sufferers “Face Regular Discrimination”. BBC News: Health. Uploaded 15 April 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22121686. Accessed 20 May 2014.
  27. Ramnani, Narender. Nervous System Damage I: Neurodegeneration—Parkinson’s Disease. Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience (PS3141). Psychology Department, Windsor Building, Royal Holloway University, Egham. 31 October 2013. Lecture.Google Scholar
  28. ———. Rehabilitation I: Neural Transplants: Rewiring the Brain. Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience (PS3141). Psychology Department, Royal Holloway, University of London. The Bourne Lecture Theatre. 21 November 2013. Lecture.Google Scholar
  29. Ratcliffe, Matthew. 2012. Phenomenology as a Form of Empathy. Inquiry 55 (5): 473–495.Google Scholar
  30. Sacks, Oliver. 2007. The Abyss: Music and Amnesia. The New Yorker. Uploaded 24 September 2007. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/09/24/the-abyss. Accessed 25 Aug 2014.
  31. ———. 2011 [1986]. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. London: Picador.Google Scholar
  32. Symptoms and Lifestyle: Tremor and Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s UK. April 2013. http://www.parkinsons.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/download/english/fs94_tremorandparkinsons_0.pdf. Accessed 20 Apr 2014.
  33. Types of Tremor. The National Tremor Foundation. http://tremor.org.uk/types-of-tremor.html. Accessed 13 Apr 2018.
  34. Upton, Liz. 2014. Parkinson’s Disease Body Illusion. Raspberry Pi Blog. Uploaded 21 November 2014. https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/parkinsons-disease-body-illusion/. Accessed 14 Apr 2018.
  35. Wearing, Clive. 1998. ‘Clive Wearing, Part 2b: Living Without Memory’. YouTube. From ‘The Mind (Second Edition)—Life Without Memory: The Case of Clive Wearing’. BBC Documentary. Uploaded 11 October 2006. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xCyvzI2aVUo#t=225. Accessed 9 July 2014.
  36. Wearing, Deborah. 2006 [2005]. Forever Today: A Memoir of Love and Amnesia. Leicester: Charnwood.Google Scholar
  37. ———. 2005. The Man Who Keeps Falling in Love with His Wife. Telegraph. Uploaded 12 January 2005. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/3313452/The-man-who-keeps-falling-in-love-with-his-wife.html. Accessed 30 July 2014.
  38. West, Richard. 1991. Parkinson’s Disease. London: Office of Health Economics.Google Scholar
  39. Young-Onset Parkinson’s. 2013. Parkinson’s Association website. Uploaded 30 May 2013. http://www.parkinsonassociation.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/NPF-YoungOnset_Parkinsons.pdf. Accessed 6 Apr 2018.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Literature, Film and Theatre StudiesUniversity of EssexColchesterUK

Personalised recommendations