Palletising Support in Intralogistics: The Effect of a Passive Exoskeleton on Workload and Task Difficulty Considering Handling and Comfort

  • Semhar KinneEmail author
  • Veronika KretschmerEmail author
  • Nicole BednorzEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1026)


In logistical processes such as palletising and order picking, musculoskeletal disorders increase. As part of the INNOVATIONSLABOR research project, the latest model of a passive exoskeleton manufactured by LAEVO was investigated in a laboratory study. A final sample of N = 37 persons (73% men) from 20 to 64 years of age evaluated the exoskeleton regarding general comfort, local comfort in different body parts, handling characteristics such as adjustment possibilities, freedom of movement, efficiency, task support and task impairment with validated questionnaires. The analyses show that passive exoskeletons seem to have potential for static activities, but their wearing comfort and user handling should be further developed.


Exoskeleton Human factors Ergonomics Palletising Musculoskeletal complaints Comfort 


  1. 1.
    European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: OSH in figures: work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU - Facts and figures. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Young, A.J., Ferris, D.P.: State of the art and future directions for lower limb robotic exoskeletons. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc. 25, 171–182 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    de Looze, M.P., Bosch, T., Krause, F., Stadler, K.S., O’Sullivan, L.W.: Exoskeletons for industrial application and their potential effects on physical workload. Ergonomics 59, 671–681 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hensel, R., Keil, M., Mücke, B., Weiler, S.: Chancen und Risiken für den Einsatz von Exoskeletten in der betrieblichen Praxis. ASU 53, 654–661 (2018)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bednorz, N., Kinne, S., Kretschmer, V.: Ergonomieunterstützung in der Logistik – Industrieller Einsatz von Exoskeletten an Palettier- und Kommissionierarbeitsplätzen zur körperlichen Entlastung von Mitarbeitern. In: GfA-Frühjahrskongress, B.4.1 (2019)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Claßen, K.: Zur Psychologie von Technikakzeptanz im höheren Lebensalter: Die Rolle von Technikgenerationen. Dissertation, Heidelberg (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Neyer, F.J.J., Felber, J., Gebhardt, C.: Kurzskala. Technikbereitschaft (TB) [Technology commitment]. In: ZIS - Zusammenstellung sozialwissenschaftlicher Items und Skalen (ed) (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baltrusch, S.J., van Dieën, J.H., van Bennekom, C.A.M., Houdijk, H.: The effect of a passive trunk exoskeleton on functional performance in healthy individuals. Appl. Ergon. 72, 94–106 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hart, S.G., Staveland, L.E.: Development of NASA-TLX (task load index): results of empirical and theoretical research. In: Hancock, P.A., Meshkati, N. (eds.) Human Mental Workload, 139-183. Elsevier, Amsterdam (1988)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hart, S.G.: Nasa-task load index (Nasa-TLX) - 20 years later. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, vol. 50 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wittig, P., Nöllenheidt, C., Brenscheidt, S.: Grundauswertung der BIBB/BAuA-Erwerbstätigenbefragung 2012. BAuA, Dortmund (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and LogisticsDortmundGermany

Personalised recommendations