How Should an Automated Vehicle Communicate Its Intention to a Pedestrian? – A Virtual Reality Study

  • Tanja FuestEmail author
  • Anna Sophia Maier
  • Hanna Bellem
  • Klaus Bengler
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1026)


To analyze the influence of right of way and automated vehicle (AV) deceleration maneuvers on pedestrians’ behavior, a virtual reality study was conducted. Participants were asked to press a button when they understood the intention of an approaching AV, and to rate the driving behavior after each trial. Results showed that the AV’s driving behavior was able to communicate an intention. If the AV decelerates for pedestrians, it should decelerate early. When right of way is not defined, the AV should adapt to the expectations of pedestrians (e.g. not drive too fast). At a zebra crossing, participants expect the AV to communicate at an early stage that they are allowed to go first.


(Automated) Vehicle-Pedestrian-Interaction Virtual reality Implicit communication Mixed traffic 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanja Fuest
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Sophia Maier
    • 1
  • Hanna Bellem
    • 2
  • Klaus Bengler
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of ErgonomicsTechnical University of MunichGarchingGermany
  2. 2.BMW GroupNew TechnologiesGarchingGermany

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