Concluding on the Role of Participatory Approaches in Post-Normal Times

  • Leandro Luiz Giatti


There is no perspective for sustainability without dialogical interactions involving a broad range of social actors. Such processes must occur through different organizational levels to avoid ruptures of cognitive exclusion and to enhance the human capabilities of organization and cooperation. Participatory research approaches represent a possibility in that way, aggregating collaborative knowledge and actions, fostering empowerment, and diversity of alternatives for sustainability. The properties of participatory research like sharing power, self-organization, and the possibility of integrating uncertainties make correspondence to post-normal problems, also facilitating extended peer communities for reaching socially robust scientific knowledge. The constant changes, emergent risks, and the interdependent scarcities in the global context replace human beings as uncompleted, and the continuous search for adaptation and resilience must be reflexive, participatory, and democratic.


Post-normal science Participatory research Ecology of knowledge Dialogical interactions Sustainability 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leandro Luiz Giatti
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public HealthUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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