The Role of External Powers: Regional Actors (Part II)
This chapter continues the analysis provided in chapter five by exploring, in more detail, how Russia, India, Turkey and Brazil are beginning to shape and influence the political and economic landscape in the region. It begins with an assessment of Russia’s bid to capitalise upon the immediate opportunities afforded to it by Washington’s pause. The chapter then compares and contrasts Russia’s position in the region with that of other key external powers influencing and shaping the region. The chapter provides analysis on India’s strategic move to deepen relations with the UAE and Saudi Arabia. It also argues that in response to those strategies countries such as Turkey and Brazil align themselves more closely to Qatar, which has been under blockade from its neighbours since July 2017.