Intraocular Malignancy

  • Caroline ThaungEmail author


Intraocular malignancy may present as an alteration in vision, with a white pupil (hence retinoblastoma screening in children), with a secondarily blind painful eye in advanced disease, or it may be asymptomatic and detected on optometry examination.

Further Reading

  1. Brierley J, Gospodarowicz MK, Wittekind C, editors. TNM classification of malignant tumours. 8th ed. Chichester: Wiley; 2017.Google Scholar
  2. Grossniklaus HE, Eberhart CG, Kivelä T, editors. WHO classification of tumours of the eye, WHO classification of tumours, vol. 12. 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018.Google Scholar
  3. Heegaard S, Grossniklaus H, editors. Eye pathology: an illustrated guide. Berlin: Springer; 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Royal College of Pathologists cancer datasets and tissue pathways [Internet]. Available from Cited 19 Dec 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Eye PathologyUCL Institute of OphthalmologyLondonUK

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