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11C-Methionine

  • Sebastiano Cosentino
  • Fabrizio Scopelliti
  • Gabriella Murè
  • Sara Baldari
  • Massimo Ippolito
Chapter

Abstract

Methionine (MET) is an essential α-amino acid which plays a role in several biochemical processes, such as biosynthesis of proteins.

L-Methionine labeled with 11C acts as a positron emission tomography tracer, as it is involved in synthesis of proteins in brain tumors.

Normal brain tissue recognizes only glucose as a metabolic substrate (thus having a very low physiological 11C-methionine uptake), whereas tumoral brain tissues present an increased 11C-methionine uptake. This makes the signal-to-noise ratio quite high, thus helping in reading and interpreting PET scans.

11C-Methionine PET is easy and fast to perform. Usually 370–740 MBq of tracer is injected intravenously and, because of the short half-life of 11C-labeled molecules (20 min), the uptake time ranges from only 10–30 min.

11C-Methionine PET is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool in neuro-oncology. It has a high sensitivity in identifying primary brain tumors (histologic grading, define the extent of tumor, identify optimal biopsy sites), metastases, recurrence, plan radiotherapy and response to therapy. Additionally it allows the study of myocardial infarction, hyperparathyroidism, squamous cell head and neck cancer, multiple myeloma, and lymphoma.

Keywords

11C-Methionine Brain tumors Myeloma Lymphoma Hyperparathyroidism Squamous cell head and neck cancer 

Abbreviations

11C-CH3I

Methyl iodide

11C-CH3OTf

11C-Methyl triflate

11C-CO2

Carbon dioxide

BBB

Blood brain barrier

BTV

Biological target volume

CT

Computed tomography

FCD

Focal cortical dysplasia

FLAIR

Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery

GTV

Gross tumor volume

HI

Hydriodic acid

HNSCC

Squamous cell head and neck cancer

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

L/N

Lesion-to-normal

LAT

L-type amino acid transporter

MET

Methionine

MIBI

99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile

MM

Multiple myeloma

MR

Magnetic resonance

NSCLC

Non-small cell lung cancer

PA

Parathyroid adenoma

PH

Parathyroid hyperplasia

pHPT

Primary hyperparathyroidism

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

RANO

Response assessment in neuro-oncology

SUV

Standardized uptake value

TLC

Thin layer chromatography

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastiano Cosentino
    • 1
  • Fabrizio Scopelliti
    • 1
  • Gabriella Murè
    • 1
  • Sara Baldari
    • 1
  • Massimo Ippolito
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Nuclear MedicineCannizzaro HospitalCataniaItaly

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