The Impact of the ‘China Experience’ on Japanese Warfare in Malaya and Singapore

  • Takuma Melber


Melber focuses in his chapter on the case study of the Sook Ching Massacre which the Japanese 25th Army conducted in Japanese-occupied Malaya and Singapore. He asks why the 25th Army committed this war crime and draws attention to the widely overlooked fact that the south-east Asian battlefields and those of the Second Sino-Japanese War were linked with each other. Based on the personal records of Major-General Kawamura, one of the men held responsible for the Sook Ching Massacre, his analysis shows that the ‘China experience’ of the Japanese leadership in Malaya and Singapore played a key role. In addition, the transnational element of fascist warfare, namely General Yamashita’s first-hand knowledge of Nazi warfare, was a strong influence.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takuma Melber
    • 1
  1. 1.Karl Jaspers Centre for Advanced Transcultural StudiesUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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