From the Milizia Fascista Albanese to the SS Division ‘Skanderbeg’: Between Imposing Fascist Ideology and Adapting Local Warfare

  • Franziska Anna Zaugg


This chapter investigates how the two Axis Powers, Italy and Germany, tried to recruit local manpower in Albania, Kosovo and bordering territories into their armed forces. From 1939 to 1944, the Italian and German authorities exploited this area of tension and conflict by trying to impose basic elements of Fascist and Nazi ideology in the establishment and training of their units (such as the Milizia Fascista Albanese and the SS Division ‘Skanderbeg’) while integrating traditional customs of warfare and national symbols to keep the local recruits in line. This study shows why their efforts failed.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franziska Anna Zaugg
    • 1
  1. 1.Historisches InstitutUniversität BernBernSwitzerland

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