Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures for Spine Pain Management

  • Hamid M. ShahEmail author
  • David A. Edwards


Spine surgery has been rapidly evolving to deal with more complex pathology as well as address spine disease in a more elegant manner. Minimally invasive approaches are an example of this evolution. They have undergone many iterations in the last several decades to hone improvements in efficacy and tissue-sparing techniques. For the modern minimally invasive spine (MIS) surgeon, a tubular retractor system is the workhorse for most decompressive and stabilization procedure. Through these narrow channels, decompressive procedures as straight forward as a microdiscectomy can be performed as well as single- and multiple-level laminectomies through the same skin incision. When coupled with posterior instrumentation, constructs with interbody cage delivery for circumferential fusions can be employed. These techniques have demonstrated outcomes similar to their open counterparts with less local tissue injury, less blood loss, and earlier mobilization and discharge, along with having similar costs.


Minimally invasive Spine surgery TLIF MIS-TLIF LLIF Microdiscectomy Laminectomy Interbody fusion Percutaneous 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurological SurgeryVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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