Advertisement

The Trauma of the Emigration in the Novels of Three Women Émigrées in London

  • Laure Philip
Chapter
Part of the War, Culture and Society, 1750 –1850 book series (WCS)

Abstract

This chapter delves into the novels of three French noblewomen émigrées in London who published during their emigration or once they returned to Paris. It contributes to the renewal of the emigration historiography by highlighting the creative responses these novelists manifested through fiction writing. The émigré novel is presented as a sub-genre of the sentimental novel that deals with traumatic memories with greater authenticity and originality than previously thought. The analysis of three key literary motifs demonstrates that in re-enacting the uprooting and distress experienced not only did these female émigré authors show modernity but they also suggested ways of overcoming the literary and gendered norms enshrined in the pre-revolutionary sentimental novel.

Bibliography

  1. Andress, David. Experiencing the French Revolution, Oxford: SVEC, 2013: 05.Google Scholar
  2. Astbury, Katherine. Narrative Responses to the Trauma of the French Revolution, Oxford: Legenda, 2012.Google Scholar
  3. Bardoux, Agénor. La Duchesse de Duras. Paris: C. Lévy, 1898.Google Scholar
  4. Bertaut, Jules. Les Belles émigrées. Paris: Hachette, 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Bertrand Jennings, Chantal. Masculin/Féminin, Le XIXème siècle à l’épreuve du genre. Toronto: Centre d’Études du XIXe siècle Joseph Sablé, 1999.Google Scholar
  6. ———. Un Autre mal du siècle, le Romantisme des romancières. Toulouse: Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 2005.Google Scholar
  7. Boigne, Éléonore-Adèle d’Osmond, comtesse de. Une Passion dans le grand monde, 2 vols. Paris: Michel Lévy Frères, 1867.Google Scholar
  8. ———. La Maréchale d’Aubemer. Paris: Michel Lévy Frères, 1868.Google Scholar
  9. ———. Récits d’une tante, Mémoires de la comtesse de Boigne, née d’Osmond. 5 vols. Paris: Emile-Paul Frères, 1921–1923.Google Scholar
  10. Caruth, Cathy (ed.). Trauma. Explorations in Memory. John Hopkins University Press: 1998.Google Scholar
  11. Charrière, Isabelle de. Lettres trouvées dans des portefeuilles d’émigrés, 1793. Ed. by Colette Piau-Gillot. Paris: Côté-femmes Éditions, 1993.Google Scholar
  12. ———. Trois femmes, 1797. Bibliothèque Numérique Romande, 1996. http://www.ebooks-bnr.com/ebooks/pdf4/charriere_trois_femmes.pdf [Accessed July 2018].
  13. Chateaubriand, François-René de. Mémoires d’Outre-Tombe, Paris: Arvensa, Nouvelle Edition, 2015.Google Scholar
  14. ———. Les Natchez. Paris: Degorge-Cadot, 1872.Google Scholar
  15. Constant, Benjamin de. Adolphe: anecdote trouvée dans les papiers d’un inconnu et publiée. Paris: Treuttel et Würtz, 1816.Google Scholar
  16. Custine, Astolphe de. Aloys, ou le Religieux du Mont Saint Bernard. Paris: Vezard, 1829.Google Scholar
  17. Duras, Claire, duchesse de. Madame de Duras, Ourika, Edouard, Olivier ou le Secret. Ed. by Marc Fumaroli and Marie-Bénédicte Diethelm. Paris: Gallimard, 2007.Google Scholar
  18. ———. Mémoires de Sophie, suivi de Amélie et Pauline. Ed. by Marie-Bénédicte Diethelm. Paris: Editions Manucius, 2011.Google Scholar
  19. Genand, Stéphanie. Romans de l’émigration (1797–1803). Paris: Honoré Champion, 2008.Google Scholar
  20. Gilman, Sander. Disease and Representation: Images of Illness from Madness to AIDS. New York: Cornwell University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  21. Jaquier, Claire, Lotterie, Florence, Seth, Catriona (eds.). Destins romanesques de l’émigration. Paris: Desjonquères, 2007.Google Scholar
  22. Knee, Philip. L’Expérience de la perte autour du ‘moment 1800’. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2014.Google Scholar
  23. La Tour du Pin, Henriette Lucy Dillon, marquise de. Journal d’une femme de cinquante ans, 1778–1815. Paris: M. Imhaus & R. Chapelot, 1913.Google Scholar
  24. Louichon, Brigitte. Romancières sentimentales, (1789–1825). Saint Denis: Presses Universitaires de France, 2010.Google Scholar
  25. Luckhurst, Roger. The Trauma Question. London: Routledge, 2008.Google Scholar
  26. Ménerville, Elisa de, née Fougeret. Souvenirs d’émigration 1791–1797. Paris: P. Roger, 1934.Google Scholar
  27. Morieux, Renaud. Une Mer pour deux royaumes. La Manche, une frontière franco-anglaise (XVIIe – XVIIIe siècle). Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Schiesiari, Juliana. The Gendering of Melancholia, Feminism, Psychoanalysis, and the Symbolics of Loss in Renaissance Literature. New York: Cornell University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
  29. Senancour, Etienne de. Oberman, lettres publiées par M. Senancourt. 2 vol. Paris: Cérioux, 1804.Google Scholar
  30. Souza-Botelho, Adèle, marquise de. Adèle de Sénange, ou Lettres de Lord Sydenham. 2 vols. Londres: Debrett; Hookham; Edwards; & chez De Boeffe, 1794.Google Scholar
  31. ———. Émilie et Alphonse. 3 tomes. Paris: Charles Pougens, 1799.Google Scholar
  32. ———. Charles et Marie. Paris: Maradan, 1802.Google Scholar
  33. ———. Eugénie et Mathilde, ou Mémoires de la famille du comte de Revel. 3 vols. Londres: L. Deconchy, 1811.Google Scholar
  34. Stendhal. Armance, ou Quelques scènes d’un salon de Paris. Paris: Urbain Canel, 1827.Google Scholar
  35. Peyre, Henri. Qu’est-ce que le Romantisme? Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1971.Google Scholar
  36. Van der Kolk, Bessel, McFarlane, Alexander C., Weisaeth, Lars (eds.). Traumatic Stress, The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. London: The Guildford Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  37. Wittmeier, Melissa. “The Eighteenth-Century Emigrant, Crossing Literary Borders”, L’Érudit franco-espagnol, Vol. 2, (Fall 2012): 93–106.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laure Philip
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarSydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations