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Blood Preservation Strategies in Total Knee and Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

  • Dipak B. Ramkumar
  • Niveditta Ramkumar
  • Yale A. FillinghamEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Total and unicompartmental knee arthroplasties can be associated with significant blood loss, which may ultimately require transfusion in up to 38% of patients. Allogeneic blood transfusions can impart significant morbidity and mortality and delay patient recovery. A comprehensive patient blood management protocol (PBM), including preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative strategies, can help diminish perioperative blood loss, maintain hemostasis, and improve patient outcomes. A comprehensive review of currently available blood management strategies is presented in this chapter.

Keywords

Blood management strategy Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty Total knee arthroplasty Blood transfusion Blood loss 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dipak B. Ramkumar
    • 1
  • Niveditta Ramkumar
    • 2
  • Yale A. Fillingham
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryDartmouth-Hitchcock Medical CenterLebanonUSA
  2. 2.The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, One Medical Center DriveLebanonUSA

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