Probing Civil Liability Insurance for Unmanned/Autonomous Merchant Ships

  • Ling ZhuEmail author
  • Richard W. W. Xing
Part of the AIDA Europe Research Series on Insurance Law and Regulation book series (ERSILR, volume 1)


The operation of unmanned/autonomous merchant ships in the shipping industry will be evolutionary, but every new development unavoidably brings along with it new risks. This paper aims to acquire a full and comprehensive understanding of several fundamental issues related to civil liability insurance for unmanned/autonomous merchant ships. It concludes that although no significant legal barrier can be identified, certain non-marine insurances seem necessary to fill in the gaps for insurance cover for unmanned/autonomous merchant ships.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shipping Insurance and Law, Department of Logistics and Maritime Studies, Faculty of BusinessThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHung HomHong Kong
  2. 2.Department of Logistics and Maritime Studies, Faculty of BusinessThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHung HomHong Kong

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