Theoretical Frameworks of the Social Casework Method
The theoretical frameworks associated with the casework method focus on improving the rational, cognitive, problem-solving capacities of people, enhance their adaptive capacities, modify aspects of the environment that are not conducive to effective coping and on improving the fit between the individual and the environment. This chapter briefly defines and outlines the following theoretical frameworks that exemplify components of the casework method such as; the humanistic approach which looks at clients holistically; Freud’s Structural theory which explains how client’s think and behave; Erikson’ stages of psychosocial development which provides a rationale for therapeutic approaches during a person’s life cycle. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs provides an explanation as to why humans are constantly seeking to fulfill needs in order to reach their fullest potential. Other theoretical frameworks used in the casework method that provide insight regarding the interaction between the client and the environment is systems theory which focuses on the interactions of various systems in the environment and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological systems theory which describes the development and socialization of individuals based on different aspects of the environment.
KeywordsTheories Freud Defense mechanisms Psychological development The hierarchy of needs Family systems Ecological systems
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