Advertisement

‘All News Is Fake News’: Discuss

  • Julian McDougallEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In the late eighties, Manufacturing Consent (1988) provided Media Studies with a framework for understanding the ideological filtering that Herman and Chomsky saw as fake news by another name. The question now is, given that in the thirty years since that publication, the news industry has been transformed almost beyond recognition, can its way of seeing news media still apply? There are less employed journalists and the number will continue to decline as advertising revenue decreases. Readers sharing stories online have, arguably, more power than editors in all respects, in effect making clickbait a ‘necessary evil’ and the middle ground less viable. In this chapter, the question of trust in journalism today will be the focus, through the lens of ‘old school’ Media Studies.

References

  1. Alcorn, G. (2019, May 11). Murdoch Press: Even News Corp Staff Are Asking: Is What We Print the Truth? The Guardian, p. 31.Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, P., Kendall, A., & McDougall, J. (2011). After the Media: Culture and Identity in the 21st Century. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Buckingham, D., & Sefton-Green, J. (1994). Cultural Studies Goes to School: Reading and Teaching Popular Media. London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  4. Bragg, B. (2011a). Scousers Never Buy the Sun. Self-released CD.Google Scholar
  5. Bragg, B. (2011b, July 13). Liverpool Was Right About News International All Along. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  6. Dent, T. (2017). Feeling Devalued: The Creative Industries, Motherhood, Gender and Class Inequality. Ph.D thesis, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth.Google Scholar
  7. Dowling, T. (2018, June 24). Reporting Trump’s First Year: The Fourth Estate—Heroism in These Dark Days. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  8. Eddo-Lodge, R. (2017). Why I’m no Longer Talking to White People About Race. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  9. Edwards, D., & Cromwell, D. (2018). Propaganda Blitz: How the Corporate Media Distort Reality. London: Pluto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fenton, N. (2018). What Should the Cairncross Review Do? 3D issue 31. http://legacy.meccsa.org.uk/news/three-d-issue-31-what-should-the-cairncross-review-do/. Accessed 2 September 2019.
  11. Fowler-Watt, K. (2018). From Where I Stand. Interview with Fergal Keane. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1562&v=tXh512ZjxOI.
  12. Friedman, S., & Laurison, D. (2019). The Glass Ceiling: Why It Pays to Be Privileged. Bristol: Bristol University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, S. (2014). Foreword. In K. Connell & M. Hilton (Eds.), 50 Years On: The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies. Birmingham: University of Birmingham.Google Scholar
  14. Hall, S., Hobson, D., Lowe, A., & Willis, P. (Eds.). (1980). Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Hanley, L. (2016). Respectable: The Experience of Class. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  16. Hart, C. (2017). Metaphor and Intertextuality in Media Framings of the (1984–1985) British Miner’s Strike: A Multimodal Analysis. Discourse and Communication, 11(1), 3–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Herman, E., & Chomsky, N. (1988). Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar
  18. Hesmondhalgh, D. (2019). The Cultural Industries (4th ed.). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Hoggart, R. (2004). Mass Media in a Mass Society: Myth and Reality. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  20. Ingber, H. (2019, March 19). The New Zealand Attack Posed New Challenges for Journalists. Here Are the Decisions The Times Made. The New York Times.Google Scholar
  21. Kafka, F. (1922). Investigations of a Dog. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  22. Laughey, D. (2007). Key Themes in Media Theory. Maidenhead: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Lewis, H. (2019, March 1–7). Enemies of the People. New Statesman.Google Scholar
  24. Lopez, A. (forthcoming, 2020). Teaching Ecomedia: Educating for Sustainable Media Ecosystems. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Martin, G., & Yurukoglu, A. (2017). Bias in Cable News: Persuasion and Polarization. American Economic Review, 107(9), 2565–2599.Google Scholar
  26. McGarvey, D. (2017). Poverty Safari: Understanding the Anger of Britain’s Underclass. Edinburgh: Luath Press.Google Scholar
  27. Miller, D., & Philo, G. (2001a). Market Killing. What the Free Market Does and What Social Scientists Can Do About It. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  28. Miller, D., & Philo, G. (2001b). The Active Audience and Wrong Turns in Media Studies: Rescuing Media Power. Soundscapes, 4 (2011). Google Scholar
  29. Milne, S. 2014. The Enemy Within. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  30. Peace, D. (2004). GB84. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  31. Philo, G., Hewitt, J., Beharrell, P., & Davis, H. (1992). Really Bad News. London: Writers and Readers Cooperative Society.Google Scholar
  32. Smith, M., & Bloom. D. (2016, November 1). Damian Green Has Never Seen I, Daniel Blake—But Branded It ‘Monstrously Unfair’ Anyway. The Mirror. https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/damian-green-never-seen-i-9166462.
  33. Tanz, J. (2017). Journalism Fights for Survival in the Post-truth Era. Wired. https://www.wired.com/2017/02/journalism-fights-survival-post-truth-era/.
  34. Thorsen, E. (2018). 3D 31: Quality Journalism, Internet and Politics. http://www.meccsa.org.uk/nl/three-d-issue-31-quality-journalism-internet-and-politics/.
  35. Waterson, J. (2019, March 19). BBC Plans Charity to Fund Local News Reporting in Britain. The Guardian.Google Scholar
  36. Williamson, J. (1981). How Does Girl No. 20 Understand Ideology? Screen Education, 40, 80–87.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Excellence in Media PracticeBournemouth UniversityPooleUK

Personalised recommendations