‘All News Is Fake News’: Discuss

  • Julian McDougallEmail author


In the late eighties, Manufacturing Consent (1988) provided Media Studies with a framework for understanding the ideological filtering that Herman and Chomsky saw as fake news by another name. The question now is, given that in the thirty years since that publication, the news industry has been transformed almost beyond recognition, can its way of seeing news media still apply? There are less employed journalists and the number will continue to decline as advertising revenue decreases. Readers sharing stories online have, arguably, more power than editors in all respects, in effect making clickbait a ‘necessary evil’ and the middle ground less viable. In this chapter, the question of trust in journalism today will be the focus, through the lens of ‘old school’ Media Studies.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Excellence in Media PracticeBournemouth UniversityPooleUK

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