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Quasi-Elastic Scattering of Heavy Ions and Few-Nucleon Transfer Reactions

  • Valery Zagrebaev
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 963)

Abstract

For low-energy nucleus–nucleus collisions, the process of complete fusion (for light and medium-sized nuclei, see Chap.  6) and binary processes with the formation of two final nuclei in the exit channel usually dominate. (Only for weakly bound light nuclei the cross section of the channel for disintegration commensurate with those for the binary channels). Suppose that when two nuclei, a and A, collide, two other nuclei, b and B, are formed: a + A → b + B. In the experiment, as a rule, charge, mass, angular, and energy distributions of the products of such a reaction are measured to study the dynamics of the collision. In some cases (discussed in this chapter), it is possible to identify a channel with a given excited state of the final nucleus B, \({\Phi _{\nu _f}}(B)\). In that case, the charge, mass, and energy of nucleus b are strictly specified (determined by the conservation laws) and only its angular distribution needs to be measured. From this, information on the structure of the studied nucleus B can be extracted. The differential cross section for such a process is determined by the corresponding transition amplitude and has the form.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valery Zagrebaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear ReactionsJoint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia

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